Home World Roundup: Variation virus epidemics in Latin America are different in anti-epidemic measures | New Coronary Pneumonia_Sina Technology_Sina.com

Roundup: Variation virus epidemics in Latin America are different in anti-epidemic measures | New Coronary Pneumonia_Sina Technology_Sina.com

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Original Title: Review: Variational Viruses Epidemic and Anti-epidemic Measures in Latin America are Different

Xinhua News Agency, Mexico City, August 4th Summary: Variation virus epidemics in many countries in Latin America are different in anti-epidemic measures

Xinhua News Agency reporter

As the cumulative number of confirmed cases of new crowns in the world exceeded 200 million, as one of the hardest hit areas of the epidemic, the cumulative number of confirmed cases of new crowns in Latin America exceeded 40 million on July 24, and the cumulative number of deaths exceeded 1.35 million. At present, the mutant new crown virus is raging in many Latin American countries, and it has severely impacted the economic and social life of the countries in the region.

At the same time, in response to the intensification of the epidemic, many Latin American countries are accelerating vaccination. China’s vaccines are helping Latin American countries fight the epidemic.

Mutated virus rages, confirmed cases rise

Brazil is currently the country with the worst new crown epidemic in Latin America. Data released by the Brazilian Ministry of Health on August 3 showed that the country had 32,316 new confirmed cases of new crown that day, and a total of 19,985,817 confirmed cases; 1209 new deaths and a total of 558,432 deaths.

In an interview with Xinhua News Agency, a microbiologist at the Institute of Butantin, Brazil, Maria Sabaga said that the main new coronavirus circulating in Brazil is the gamma strain first discovered in Amazon. The number of cases of delta strain infection is The country has a very low proportion of the total number of new crown cases, but community infections caused by the delta strain have occurred and cross-state transmission has occurred.

Since June, Mexico’s new crown epidemic has rebounded significantly. On July 6, the Mexican Ministry of Health announced that the third wave of COVID-19 had arrived. In the past month, the number of confirmed cases of new crowns in Mexico has gradually increased.

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According to a report issued by the Pan American Health Organization in July, the most widespread mutated new coronaviruses in Mexico are the alpha, gamma, and delta strains. According to estimates by the Health Bureau of Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, 85% of the newly confirmed cases of the new crown in Mexico’s capital area are caused by the Delta strain.

At present, the main new crown virus circulating in Cuba is also the delta strain, causing the number of new crown infections in Cuba to hit a record high recently. Colombia reported for the first time a case of Delta strain infection in Cali, the third largest city, on July 24. Recently, the number of confirmed cases of new crown in Ecuador has continued to rise, and there have been cases of delta strain infection.

Vaccination accelerates China’s vaccine assistance

In response to the raging epidemic, many Latin American countries have accelerated their vaccinations against the new crown. Mexican President Lopez said at a press conference on August 3 that by October this year, Mexico will complete the new crown vaccination for people over 18 years of age. Beginning in July this year, Panama’s new crown vaccination rate has accelerated significantly. The country allows all people over 40 and 16 to 20 years old to be vaccinated.

China has played an important role in helping Latin American countries fight the epidemic.

The Chinese government, Chinese-funded enterprises and overseas Chinese have donated anti-epidemic materials to the Panamanian government many times during the epidemic. The Panamanian government has repeatedly expressed gratitude for this.

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China’s Cansino vaccine has been approved by Ecuador’s health regulatory authorities, and the first batch of Cansino vaccines arrived on August 3. Ecuador’s Minister of Health Garzon told Xinhua News Agency reporters a few days ago: “Ecuador is very grateful for the support of the Chinese government. The vaccine provided by China to Ecuador is also a manifestation of the friendly relationship between the two countries. We believe that the Chinese vaccine will help the Ecuadorian people get out of this epidemic.”

In Argentina, since July this year, the speed of new crown vaccination has increased significantly, mainly due to the large number of new crown vaccines shipped to Argentina by China National Pharmaceutical Group. Argentine Minister of Health Bissotti recently stated that as of the end of July, 75.2% of adult Argentine residents had received at least one dose of the new crown vaccine.

Neurologist Miguel Nicolélis, coordinator of the Scientific Committee for the Joint Fight against the New Coronary Epidemic in Northeast Brazil, recently told Xinhua News Agency reporters that China’s vaccine cooperation with Brazil is very important. Vaccines, Brazil’s new crown vaccination will lag far behind, and China has helped Brazil avoid a greater disaster in this epidemic.

The situation of different anti-epidemic tensions remains grim

Under the raging epidemic, the anti-epidemic measures in many Latin American countries have been inconsistent. Experts believe that the current situation of the epidemic in the region is not optimistic.

In an interview with Xinhua News Agency, Professor Trillo of the Faculty of Medicine and Hygiene of the University of Rosario in Colombia said: “People are lax in epidemic prevention, and there are still some (Colombian) people who have not been vaccinated. In addition to the widespread spread of mutated viruses, it cannot be ruled out in Colombia. The possibility of a new wave of epidemics.”

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Briceño, director of the Department of Public Health of the Faculty of Medicine and Hygiene of the University of Rosario, pointed out that some cities in Colombia, including the capital Bogota, have opened dance halls, bars and other entertainment venues. Although these venues have restrictions on the number of people indoors, The epidemic is still accelerating its spread.

In the face of the country’s third wave of the new crown epidemic, the Mexican government urges the public to continue to adopt conventional epidemic prevention measures such as maintaining social distancing, wearing masks, and using disinfectant. Strict restrictions.

Due to the continuous advancement of new crown vaccination and the gradual relief of the epidemic, Brazil has relaxed quarantine measures in many places. The State of São Paulo will extend the business hours of commercial establishments from August 1, and the city of Rio de Janeiro plans to hold outdoor celebrations and large-scale New Year’s Eve activities at the end of the year in September. Experts believe that the premature gathering of activities poses a challenge to Brazil’s epidemic prevention situation.

Brazilian microbiologist Sabaga said: “Mass vaccination is very important to contain the epidemic. Experiments conducted in Serrana, a small city in São Paulo state, have shown that 75% of adults can control the epidemic after being vaccinated against the new crown. In addition to vaccination. In addition to vaccines, epidemic prevention measures such as keeping social distance, wearing masks, and washing hands frequently are required to effectively curb the spread of the epidemic.” (Note-holder: Yan Liang; participating reporters: Gong Ruohan, Zhu Yubo, Wu Hao, Lin Zhaohui, Zhu Wanjun, Gao Chunyu, Wang Zhongyi, Su Jin, Ni Ruijie, Hao Yunfu, Fan Xiaolin)


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