Abstract: The plan proposes to give priority to the development of border archaeology, and focus on strengthening archaeological research in Xinjiang, Tibet and other places.
On November 16th, the Russian Freemedia Network published an article entitled “A long breath of relief in the world: China is saving human history”. The author is Konstantin Olshansky. The article stated that the “14th Five-Year Plan” will be implemented in the Chinese Museum. One of the important directions of development concept is the development of archaeology. The full text is excerpted as follows:
UNESCO officially expressed its gratitude to China for combating cultural relics smuggling. This seldom talked about issue has become a world-class disaster.
Saving and promoting its own cultural heritage is an important task for China. The Chinese government believes that completing this task will enable China to show the world the achievements of Chinese civilization more actively.
The UNESCO representative officially expressed his gratitude to China at the China Home Forum on the “International Day Against Illegal Trafficking in Cultural Property”. The “International Day Against Illegal Trafficking in Cultural Property” has just been established in 2019. Although the international convention on combating the smuggling of cultural relics was adopted as early as 1970, this issue did not seem to have been taken seriously in the past.
It was through China’s efforts that the whole world began to seriously discuss this issue. In addition to academics, journalists, and auctioneers, officials from the Supreme People’s Court, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Justice will also attend China’s home forum this year.
Up to now, China’s new round of special operations to combat cultural relics has recovered nearly 60,000 cultural relics of various types. On the eve of the opening of the forum, the Chinese police reported on what may be the largest anti-smuggling operation in history. Among the recovered cultural relics, 27,000 cultural relics were recovered through the detection of illegal trafficking in cultural relics such as reselling and smuggling.
In February this year, the head of the Buddha at Tianlongshan Grottoes in Shanxi, which had been lost overseas for nearly a century, was unveiled at the Spring Festival Gala.
Fighting smuggling is only a small part of China’s work in the field of cultural and cultural activities. In the “14th Five-Year Plan”, China clearly proposed to promote the digital development of museums and other public cultural venues, and greatly increase the number of cultural relic protection workers. During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, the number of nationally filed museums is expected to reach 6,500, the number of employees in cultural relics institutions is expected to reach 195,000, and the number of personnel for survey, design and construction of cultural relics protection is expected to reach 27,000. In addition, the annual number of exhibitions held nationwide is expected to reach 30,000, and the annual number of visitors is expected to reach 1.4 billion. In short, on average, every Chinese visits a museum once a year.
Liu Yuzhu, former director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of China, said that allowing more people to understand Chinese cultural relics is an opportunity to showcase the brilliant achievements of Chinese civilization and its decisive contribution to world civilization.
It is for this reason that Chinese museums are increasingly actively cooperating with foreign museums and related associations. Last month, 10 Asian countries including China, Armenia, Cambodia, North Korea, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Syria, the UAE, and Yemen jointly initiated the establishment of the “Asian Cultural Heritage Protection Alliance.”
The alliance will save the cultural heritage of these countries through a common fund. The issue of cultural heritage protection is currently extremely urgent for some Asian countries, such as Armenia. The country claims that its ancient buildings in the Karabakh region have been destroyed, and it is China that is ready to lend a helping hand.
One of the important directions of the “14th Five-Year Plan” to implement the development concept of Chinese museums is the development of archaeology. The plan proposes to give priority to the development of border archaeology and focus on strengthening archaeological research in Xinjiang, Tibet and other places.
Underwater archaeology is a relatively new trend. The Chinese government plans to conduct underwater archaeological excavations in four major sea areas-the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea. The underwater cultural heritage reserve will receive a special protection status.
Editor in charge: Wu Zhengdan
32276930, Russian media attention: China’s efforts to promote cultural relics protection are praised by the world,.2021-11-19 10:36:51,.204064,.吴正丹