Original Title: Nuclear Observation | U.S. bombers intensively simulated nuclear strikes against Russia. Should the U.S.-Russian nuclear battle be escalated?
U.S. strategic bombers carried out simulated nuclear strikes on the east and west sides of Russia’s territory, incurring accusations from the Russian Defense Minister.
On November 23, local time, Russian Defense Minister Shoigu accused the United States of sending strategic bombers to conduct simulated nuclear attacks on Russia from two different directions in early November, and said that these aircraft had entered the airspace 20 kilometers away from the Russian border.
A Pentagon spokesperson responded that “Global Thunder” exercise was publicly announced and complies with all national and international agreements.” Readiness of ability.
The US strategic bomber exercise is only 20 kilometers away from the Russian border
According to a Reuters report on the 23rd, Shoigu said on the same day that Russia has noticed a “significant increase” in the activities of the US strategic bomber and has conducted 30 flights in areas close to Russia this month, “2.5 times that of the same period last year.” Shoigu emphasized, “During the US’Global Thunder’ military exercise, 10 US strategic bombers rehearsed how to launch nuclear weapons from the west and east to Russia. The minimum distance between this exercise and the Russian border is 20 kilometers.”
On the same day, Gerasimov, the Russian Chief of General Staff, had a telephone conversation with Milli, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, to discuss international security issues. Both sides did not disclose the content of the conversation.
“The increase in the intensity and frequency of the US military’s strategic bombers in this exercise may be in response to Russia’s move to increase the scale of nuclear-related exercises in recent years,” said Zhao Tongxiang, a researcher at the Tsinghua-Carnegie Center for Global Policy (www.thepaer.cn). The analysis pointed out that “the United States believes that in the past few years, Russia has actively promoted the upgrading of its nuclear arsenal, and the scale of nuclear exercises has gradually increased, and the scope has become more and more extensive, and it has received direct attention from Russian leaders.”
In March of this year, Russian Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Nikolai Evmenov stated that in a long voyage mission, three strategic missile nuclear submarines of the Russian Navy surfaced in the Arctic at the same time for the first time. In a report to Putin, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Nikolai Evmenov said: “For the first time in naval history, three nuclear missile submarines have surfaced from under the ice.”
In December last year, the Pacific Fleet’s “Beifeng”-class strategic nuclear submarine “Vladimir” fired a salvo of four “Blava” submarine-launched ballistic missiles. This was the second time for the “Beifeng”-class nuclear submarine. Carried out a salvo of 4 missiles, demonstrating the nuclear deterrence of sea-based nuclear forces.
The US Strategic Command announced that it will hold the “Global Thunder 22” (GT22) annual nuclear command and control and field training exercise starting from November 1. The exercise will provide training opportunities for all mission areas of the command, with a focus on nuclear preparedness.
The “Global Thunder 22” exercise is designed to simulate the actual training operations of opponents, with the purpose of further improving nuclear war readiness and strategic deterrence capabilities. The exercise included increased bomber flight, missile training, and submarine-launched ballistic missile combat readiness to verify the reliability and flexibility of the “Trinity” nuclear force.
It is said that the exercise will coordinate the deployment of global operations with other commands, services, and relevant government departments to deter, detect and, if necessary, thwart strategic attacks against the United States and its allies. The responsibilities of the US Strategic Command include strategic deterrence, nuclear operations, joint electromagnetic spectrum operations, global strikes, missile defense, and target analysis and targeting.
According to information released by the US military, the B-52H strategic bomber participated in the exercise. The Barksdale Air Force of Louisiana in the United States announced on November 8, “If you notice that there has been more bomber activity recently than usual, it is because it is conducting an annual exercise.”
The B-52 is the main force of the U.S. Air Force’s space-based nuclear force. According to the latest statistics from the US “Atomic Scientist Bulletin” website, the US Air Force currently has 87 B-52H bombers and 70 B-52Hs with nuclear capabilities. According to the US nuclear war plan, about 60 bombers (16 B-2A and 44 B-52H) were dispatched to perform nuclear strike missions.
“At present, only the B-52H bomber of the U.S. Air Force is capable of launching AGM-86B missiles. The B-2 bomber mainly uses nuclear bombs,” said aviation expert Wang Yanan in an interview with The Paper. “Each B-52H can carry 20 An AGM-86B missile, because it can carry long-range cruise missiles, and the number far exceeds that of B-2A bombers. Therefore, the B-52 occupies an important position in the US air-based nuclear force.”
It is worth mentioning that photos of a U.S. Air Force B-52H bomber with severe damage to the right wing went viral on social platforms on the 12th. Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana, USA, confirmed on the 12th that an accident occurred at a base in the northwestern part of the state, but did not specify the details of the accident.
According to the memorandum of the US Army Maintenance Operations Center (MOC), “When the aircraft was preparing for static display maintenance, it collided with the fence directly in front of the (maintenance team) building.” “All the damaged debris of the aircraft has been recovered, right wing tip and right The front edge of the fuel tank is severely damaged on the outside of the wing,” the memo said. There are no reports of casualties and no more specific damage.
Russia’s military response is more restrained and may also conduct nuclear exercises in the future
According to the information released by the US military, strategic bombers have been deployed the most during the “Global Thunder” exercise. The actual launch of land-based intercontinental missiles and submarine-launched ballistic missiles has not yet been carried out, but it does not rule out missile tests in the following exercises. shoot. “
The U.S. Air Force and Navy conducted nuclear missile test launches in August and September, respectively. It was reported on August 11 that the U.S. Air Force stated that it successfully tested a “Minuteman”-3 nuclear missile in the early morning of the 11th, which demonstrated the effectiveness and readiness of the U.S. nuclear arsenal.
On September 17, the US Navy announced that the strategic nuclear submarine “Wyoming” tested two “Trident”-2D5LE submarine-launched ballistic missiles without nuclear warheads at Cape Canaveral, Florida. The purpose is to evaluate and demonstrate the The combat readiness of the submarine’s strategic weapon system. Major General Thomas E. Ise, head of global operations at the US Strategic Command, pointed out: “Test launches and other similar tests demonstrate our readiness and ability for strategic deterrence in the 21st century.”
In response to the US nuclear exercise, the Russian military has not held a nuclear exercise to respond. Only the Tu-95 strategic bomber has conducted routine training in the Arctic region, and the nuclear submarine of the Northern Fleet has conducted torpedo-launch anti-submarine exercises.
The Russian Ministry of Defense announced on November 19 that the Russian military’s two Tu-95MS strategic bombers performed routine flight missions over the neutral waters of the Bering Sea, the Chukchi Sea and the Sea of Okhotsk, with a cruise flight time of more than 10 hours. “
According to a report by the Russian Satellite News Agency on November 20, the nuclear submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet conducted an anti-submarine exercise with live torpedoes. According to the report, the cruise missile nuclear submarine of the Northern Fleet carried out the planned combat training mission in the Barents Sea and completed the use of torpedoes against underwater targets.
“It may not have time to prepare for a nuclear exercise to respond. If Russia also conducts a large-scale nuclear exercise in the future, the nuclear contest between the two sides will rise to a level.” Zhao Tong pointed out.
Although Russia is currently not holding a tit-for-tat nuclear exercise in response, its verbal accusations and warnings are still relatively severe.
Before Defense Secretary Shoigu accused the US bomber of the action, Russian President Putin expressed dissatisfaction with the US nuclear exercise on the 18th and warned the West not to underestimate Russia’s “red line.”
On January 18, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Yabukov stated that Russia was worried about the US attitude towards the role of nuclear weapons. The United States is preparing theoretically and materially for lowering the threshold for the use of nuclear weapons.
In addition to nuclear exercises, the dynamics of the deployment of nuclear weapons by the United States in Europe have again attracted attention.
On November 19, NATO Secretary-General Stoltenberg stated that NATO hopes that Germany will continue to participate in the military alliance’s nuclear sharing policy in the future, that is, in the event of a crisis, German fighter jets can carry the nuclear weapons deployed by the United States in Germany. If Germany refuses to deploy NATO nuclear weapons, these nuclear weapons can be transferred to other European countries, including the eastern part of the European continent. Stoltenberg expects that Germany will continue to participate in the nuclear sharing policy, because this is very important to the entire European defense framework.
According to reports, the next German government will have to decide whether to update the Tornado fighter jets that are responsible for implementing the nuclear sharing policy. Some lawmakers opposed the purchase of new fighter jets. As early as 2010, the German Parliament voted to withdraw American nuclear weapons from Germany. However, 11 years later, these nuclear weapons are still deployed in Germany, and it is not yet clear where and how many of these weapons will be deployed.