Home » Sweden has passed a law that makes it easier to change gender on documents

Sweden has passed a law that makes it easier to change gender on documents

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Sweden has passed a law that makes it easier to change gender on documents

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After months of debate on the issue, the Swedish parliament on Wednesday has approved a new law that simplifies the procedures for changing your gender on documents. The law received 234 votes in favor and 94 against (21 parliamentarians were absent), and will come into force on 1 July 2025.

The law lowers the age required to legally change one’s gender on documents from 18 to 16, but minors will still need to obtain consent from their guardian, a doctor and the National Board of Health and Welfare. Furthermore, a diagnosis of gender dysphoria – i.e. the condition of psychological distress experienced by trans or non-binary people who do not identify with the gender linked to their birth sex – will no longer be necessary to legally change their gender. Instead, it will be sufficient to present a certificate from a doctor or psychologist certifying that the patient’s biological sex does not correspond to that perceived at the moment and in the “foreseeable future”. Furthermore, it will no longer be necessary to have authorization from the National Board of Health and Welfare to undergo gender-resignation surgery, which even before this law could be done from the age of 18.

In 1972, Sweden became the first country in the world to introduce the possibility of legally changing one’s gender. The law approved today, however, had been highly criticized, especially regarding the lowering of the age from 18 to 16. The law was proposed by two parties in the majority, the Moderates and the Liberals, but for months no agreement had been reached because two other parties, the Christian Democrats, also in the majority, and the Swedish Democrats, who give external support to the government, they had bitterly opposed it.

Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson, a member of the Moderates, had defended the proposal, calling it “balanced and responsible”, but had also admitted that he did not agree with the lowering of the age foreseen in the text and that he had “given in” to the requests of his party. In the end, however, the law passed thanks above all to the votes of the opposition parties: the Social Democrats, the Left Party, the Center Party and the Green Party.

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– Read also: Why we discuss puberty blockers and gender transition in younger people

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