Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, June 23 (Reporter Yang Yijun) President Xi Jinping presided over the 14th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting by video in Beijing on the evening of the 23rd. South African President Ramaphosa, Brazilian President Bolsonaro, Russian President Vladimir Putin, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended.
The East Hall of the Great Hall of the People is full of flowers, and the national flags of the five BRICS countries are neatly arranged, which complements each other with the BRICS logo.
At about 8 pm, the leaders of the five BRICS countries took a group photo together and the meeting began.
Xi Jinping first delivered a welcome speech. Xi Jinping pointed out that, looking back on the past year, facing the severe and complex situation, the BRICS countries have always adhered to the BRICS spirit of openness, inclusiveness and win-win cooperation, strengthened solidarity and cooperation, and worked together to overcome difficulties. The BRICS mechanism has demonstrated resilience and vitality, and BRICS cooperation has achieved positive progress and results. This meeting is at a critical juncture of where human society is headed. As important emerging market countries and major developing countries, the BRICS countries should be brave in their responsibilities and actions, speak out a voice of fairness and justice, strengthen their belief in defeating the epidemic, gather the synergy of economic recovery, promote sustainable development, and jointly promote BRICS cooperation. High-quality development contributes wisdom and injects positive, stable and constructive forces into the world.
Xi Jinping delivered an important speech entitled “Building a High-Quality Partnership to Open a New Journey of BRICS Cooperation”.
Xi Jinping pointed out that at present, the world is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century, and the new crown pneumonia epidemic is still spreading, and human society is facing unprecedented challenges. In the past 16 years, in the face of rough seas, wind and rain, the big ship BRICS has braved the wind and waves and marched forward with courage, and has found a right path in the world of mutual fortification and win-win cooperation. Standing at the crossroads of history, we should not only look back on the past and keep in mind why the BRICS countries set out, but also look forward to the future, build a more comprehensive, close, pragmatic and inclusive high-quality partnership, and jointly open the BRICS cooperation. new journey.
First, we must adhere to solidarity and solidarity to maintain world peace and tranquility. Some countries are trying to expand military alliances to seek absolute security, coercing other countries to choose sides to create camp confrontation, and ignoring the rights and interests of other countries to pursue self-reliance. If this dangerous momentum is allowed to develop, the world will be more volatile. The BRICS countries should support each other on issues concerning each other’s core interests, practice genuine multilateralism, uphold justice, oppose hegemony, uphold fairness, oppose bullying, maintain unity, and oppose division. China is willing to work with BRICS partners to promote the implementation of the global security initiative, adhere to the common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security concept, and walk out of a new type of security strategy of dialogue rather than confrontation, partnership rather than alliance, and win-win rather than zero-sum. Road, inject stability and positive energy into the world.
Second, we must adhere to cooperative development and jointly address risks and challenges. The impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic and the crisis in Ukraine is intertwined and superimposed, casting a shadow on the development of various countries, with emerging market countries and developing countries bearing the brunt. Crisis can bring disorder and change, depending on how it is handled. BRICS countries should promote the interconnection of industrial and supply chains, and jointly address challenges in poverty reduction, agriculture, energy, logistics and other fields. It is necessary to support the New Development Bank to become bigger and stronger, promote the improvement of the emergency reserve arrangement mechanism, and build a financial safety net and firewall. It is necessary to expand BRICS cooperation in cross-border payment and credit rating, and improve the level of trade, investment and financing facilitation. China is willing to work with BRICS partners to push forward the global development initiative, push forward the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, build a global development community, and help achieve a stronger, greener and healthier global development.
Third, we must persist in pioneering and innovating to stimulate cooperation potential and vitality. Attempts to maintain their hegemonic position by engaging in technological monopoly, blockade, and barriers to interfere with the innovation and development of other countries are doomed to fail. It is necessary to promote and improve global science and technology governance, so that scientific and technological achievements can be enjoyed by more people. Accelerate the construction of the BRICS partnership for the new industrial revolution, reach a digital economy partnership framework, and release a cooperation initiative on digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, opening up a new route for the five countries to strengthen the alignment of industrial policies. Focusing on the needs of talents in the digital age, establish a vocational education alliance to build a talent pool for strengthening innovation and entrepreneurship cooperation.
Fourth, we must adhere to openness and inclusiveness, and gather collective wisdom and strength. The BRICS countries are not closed clubs, nor are they exclusive “small circles”, but big families that help each other and good partners for win-win cooperation. Over the past five years, we have carried out a variety of “BRICS+” activities in the fields of vaccine research and development, scientific and technological innovation, people-to-people and cultural exchanges, sustainable development, etc., and built a new cooperation platform for the vast number of emerging market countries and developing countries to become emerging markets. It is a model for countries and developing countries to carry out South-South cooperation and achieve unity and self-improvement. Under the new situation, the BRICS countries should open their doors for development and open their arms to promote cooperation. The process of BRICS membership expansion should be promoted, so that like-minded partners can join the BRICS family as soon as possible, bring new vitality to BRICS cooperation, and enhance the representation and influence of BRICS countries.
Xi Jinping stressed that, as representatives of emerging market countries and developing countries, it is vital to the world that we make the right choice and take responsible actions at a critical juncture in historical development. Let us unite as one, gather strength, move forward bravely, promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, and jointly create a better future for mankind!
The participating leaders thanked China for hosting the leaders’ meeting and its efforts to promote BRICS cooperation. They believed that under the current international situation full of uncertainties, the BRICS countries should strengthen unity, carry forward the BRICS spirit, consolidate strategic partnership, and jointly To cope with various challenges, elevate BRICS cooperation to a new level and play a greater role in international affairs.
The leaders of the five countries exchanged in-depth views on BRICS cooperation in various fields and major issues of common concern around the theme of “Building High-Quality Partnerships to Create a New Era of Global Development”, and reached many important consensuses. They agreed that it is necessary to uphold multilateralism, promote the democratization of global governance, maintain fairness and justice, and inject stability and positive energy into the turbulent international situation. It is necessary to jointly prevent and control the epidemic, give full play to the role of the BRICS vaccine research and development centers and other mechanisms, promote the fair and reasonable distribution of vaccines, and jointly improve the ability to respond to public health crises. It is necessary to deepen practical economic cooperation, firmly safeguard the multilateral trading system, promote the building of an open world economy, oppose unilateral sanctions and “long-arm jurisdiction”, and strengthen cooperation in the fields of digital economy, technological innovation, industrial and supply chains, and food and energy security. Work together to promote the recovery of the world economy. It is necessary to promote global common development, focus on the most urgent needs of developing countries, eradicate poverty and hunger, jointly address the challenges of climate change, strengthen the application of aerospace, big data and other technologies in the development field, and accelerate the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Create a new era of global development and make BRICS contributions. It is necessary to strengthen people-to-people and cultural exchanges and mutual learning, and create more brand projects in think tanks, political parties, media, sports and other fields. The leaders of the five countries agreed to carry out “BRICS+” cooperation at more levels, in a wider field and on a larger scale, actively promote the process of BRICS expansion, and promote the BRICS mechanism to keep pace with the times, improve quality and efficiency, and continue to improve Go deep and go far.
The meeting adopted and issued the “Beijing Declaration of the 14th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting”.
At the meeting, the leaders of the five countries listened to the work report of the representatives of the BRICS cooperation mechanism.
Ding Xuexiang, Wang Yi, He Lifeng and others attended the meeting.