[Epoch Times October 14, 2021](Epoch Times reporter Chen Ting comprehensive report) The Japanese House of Representatives was disbanded at more than 1 pm local time on Thursday (October 14), which also means that Japan has officially moved to October 31 The Japanese general election took an important step.
The Japanese government held an interim cabinet meeting in the morning. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and all cabinet members signed a cabinet proposal to dissolve the House of Representatives and decided to dissolve the House of Representatives. At the subsequent temporary cabinet meeting, the government formally decided on the election schedule for the election of the House of Representatives to be announced on the 19th and voted on the 31st of this month.
Although the various parties have long been involved in the election campaign, it will not be until next Tuesday (19th) that the authorities will officially announce the general election schedule and allow the parties to formally compete for 465 seats of parliament.
Before the dissolution of the parliament, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party and the Civic Party totaled 305 seats. The goal of the new Prime Minister Fumio Kishida is to maintain the majority of seats in the ruling coalition, so he needs to get at least 233 seats.
Liberal Democratic Party Secretary General Gan Liming said that he hopes the ruling coalition will get 244 seats to achieve a “stable majority.”
Analysts believe that this election will be able to see how voters evaluate the governance lines of the first two prime ministers of the Liberal Democratic Party: Shinzo Abe and Yoshihide Suga, and whether they trust the governance guidelines of the next prime minister of the Liberal Democratic Party.
Since taking office, Fumio Kishida has been trying his best to explain to the public how the new cabinet will govern, including how to revive the economy after the pandemic, improve the current state of social problems, ensure economic security, and how to face various threats from the Chinese Communist authorities. .
“We must now ask the people to make a decision,” Fumio Kishida told reporters on the decision to dissolve the parliament at the Prime Minister’s residence on Thursday morning. “I welcome today’s arrival with a very solemn heart.”
“Through this election, I want to firmly explain to the people what we are going to do and what our goals are.”
Japan’s NHK pointed out that 10 days after Kishida took office, he ordered the dissolution of the Diet. The time from dissolution to voting was only 17 days, which was the shortest record in post-war Japanese history.
There are 289 small constituencies in Japan and 11 proportionally representative districts. Among the 465 seats, there are 289 winners from the small constituency. The remaining 176 seats are allocated by the parties according to the proportion of the votes of the parties in each district.
It is worth noting that the current election of members of the House of Representatives is the only general election held after the expiration of the term of office under the Constitution of Japan.
The term of the Japanese House of Representatives is up to 4 years, but the Prime Minister has the power to dissolve the National Assembly at any time, so the length of each term of the House of Representatives varies. The last election for members of the Japanese House of Representatives was on October 22, 2017 after Shinzo Abe became prime minister.
Speaking of the decision to dissolve the National Assembly, Kishida Fumio added: “In the past 11 days, my schedule has been very tight. But the incredible thing is that I don’t feel tired, I feel very fulfilling.”
The positions of the political parties before the dissolution are as follows:
Liberal Democratic Party (ruling party): 276 seats.
Komeito (ruling party): 29 seats.
Cadet Party: 110 seats.
Communist Party: 12 seats.
Japan Restoration Council: 10 seats.
National Democratic Party: 8 seats.
Reiwa Shinsengumi, Social Democratic Party, Hope Party, and NHK litigation party for violating Article 72 of the Lawyers Law: 1 seat each.
No party membership: 12 seats.
Editor in charge: Ye Ziwei#