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This is the reason for the importance of the Isbat session at the beginning of Ramadan, Syawal & Zulhijjah

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This is the reason for the importance of the Isbat session at the beginning of Ramadan, Syawal & Zulhijjah

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The Ministry of Religion (Kemenag) explained the importance of the isbat (determination) session for the beginning of Ramadan, Shawwal and Zulhijjah which had started in Indonesia since the 1950s.

The isbat session is also regulated in MUI Fatwa Decree No.2 of 2004 concerning Determination of the Beginning of Ramadan, Shawwal and Dzulhijjah.

One of the fatwas decided that the initial determination of Ramadan, Shawwal and Dzulhijjah was carried out based on the rukyah and reckoning method by the Indonesian Government cq. Minister of Religion and applies nationally.



Director of Islamic Religious Affairs and Sharia Development (Urais-Binsyar) of the Directorate General of Islamic Guidance, Adib, explained that the isbat session was important because Indonesia is not a religious country, nor is it a secular country. Indonesia cannot hand over religious matters completely to individuals or groups.

The isbat session is important to hold because there are many Islamic social organizations (Ormas) in Indonesia which also have their own methods and standards for determining the start of the Hijriyah month. It is not uncommon for views to differ from one another, along with differences in schools of thought and the methods used. The isbat session becomes a forum, forum, and decision-making mechanism.

“The Isbat session is needed as a joint forum for making decisions. This is needed as a form of state presence in providing a reference for Muslims to start fasting for Ramadan and Eid,” said Adib, quoted on Friday (8/3/2024).

In the process, the isbat session became a deliberation forum for ulama, astronomy experts, astronomy experts from various Islamic organizations, including related agencies in determining the start of the months of Ramadan, Shawwal and Zulhijah. This session was also attended by Ambassadors from Friendly Countries, Chairman of Commission VIII DPR RI, Representatives of the Supreme Court, Representatives of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), Representatives of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), Representatives of the Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), Representatives of the Research Agency and National Innovation (BRIN) Representative of the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) Bosscha, Representative of the Jakarta Planetarium, Falak Expert from Islamic Mass Organizations, Member of the Hisab Rukyat Team of the Ministry of Religion, and Leaders of Islamic Community Organizations and Islamic Boarding Schools.

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“The results of deliberations in the isbat session are determined by the Minister of Religion so that they have legal force. So it is not the government that determines the start of Ramadan, Shawwal and Zulhijah. The government only determines the results of the deliberations of the parties involved in the isbat session,” said Adib.

The Isbat session to determine the start of Ramadan, Shawwal and Zulhijjah, said Adib, is not only carried out by Indonesia. Arab countries also carry out isbat after receiving a rukyat report from an official government institution or individual which has been verified and declared valid by their High Council of Judges. The difference is, Indonesia uses a deliberation mechanism with all participants in the isbat session.

“This is an added value that decisions are taken together, democratic values ​​are very visible in the presence of all mass organizations present at the isbat session,” stressed Adib.

[Gambas:Video CNBC]

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