The 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly opens on Tuesday (September 14). Leaders of more than 80 countries will attend the meeting in person. This is the first large-scale physical meeting held after the General Assembly last year. Leaders of another 23 countries will use video clips. give a speech.
Leaders such as US President Biden, British Prime Minister Johnson, Indian Prime Minister Modi, Australian Prime Minister Morrison, and Japanese Prime Minister Guan Yiwei will all attend the meeting. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov will represent Russia at the meeting.
Among them, this is the first time Biden has attended the United Nations General Assembly since he took office as President of the United States. The outside world will pay attention to how his style and content are different from those of former President Trump.
This is also the first United Nations General Assembly since Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi took office. He will deliver a speech through a video clip.
The conference will be held from Tuesday to September 30, and leaders of all countries will speak on September 21. The General Assembly will handle many internal affairs, including the formal election of a new chairman of the General Assembly, voting on the UN budget, and handling of the member states of the Human Rights Council.
But what has attracted the most attention from the outside world is that the General Assembly will decide on the membership of its Credentials Committee. This committee of nine countries is responsible for deciding which political entities the United Nations will recognize as legal representatives to the United Nations. The outside world will pay attention. How will it handle the issue of Afghanistan’s Taliban’s representation to the United Nations after the country’s seizure of power.
This committee will not immediately deal with the issue of Afghanistan’s representation, but it is expected that the composition of this committee will affect future decisions on related issues and at the same time affect the international status of the Taliban.
At present, no country officially recognizes the Taliban regime as the legitimate government of Afghanistan, but United Nations member states such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Pakistan have always been considered to have close ties with the Taliban. The head of the Taliban Political Committee in Afghanistan, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar The previous visit to China was also received by Foreign Minister Wang Yi.
US Secretary of State Blincoln also pointed out that it can cooperate with the new Afghan government under the premise of major national interests.
Another highlight is that Biden will address the United Nations General Assembly for the first time as President of the United States on September 21. The relationship between the United States and the United Nations and its various departments has continued to deteriorate during the former President Trump’s administration. During Trump’s tenure, the United States even initiated the procedures for the United States to withdraw from the World Health Organization. After Biden took office, Trump immediately cancelled Trump’s plan.
Analysts will pay attention to how Biden will restructure his relationship with the United Nations during his speech. Alanna O’Malley, a scholar at Leiden University in the Netherlands, believes that rebuilding this relationship involves more than just making some promises.
“This is because the United States has lost many strategic partners and alliances, and it has also lost a lot of political goodwill.”
The first physical conference in two years
The UN General Assembly is an annual opportunity for politicians from various countries to meet at the UN headquarters in New York City. However, due to last year’s new crown pneumonia epidemic, leaders of various countries have spoken through video clips.
Former UN General Assembly President Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, Nigeria’s ambassador to the UN, described that this time there will be another leader’s chairperson meeting. Compared with last year, it is “an improvement, but there are also concerns.” .
The current epidemic is still serious, so the United Nations General Assembly has strict regulations on attendance, including requiring that each country’s delegation can only have a maximum of five people, and some bilateral meetings are still conducted by video.
United Nations Secretary-General Guterres described the hope that technological development can minimize the impact of not being able to convene the UN General Assembly in person. “I also believe that this is the best way to conduct diplomatic activities, create connections and build dialogue.”