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which symptoms should not be overlooked

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which symptoms should not be overlooked

Die from a sting insect. It happens because the infection can be lethal. The latest case is a 14-year-old boy, Matteo. He died at the end of July in Udine due to a mosquito bite while he was on vacation Brazil. This is just the latest case, since the beginning of the summer season, of insect stings or bites with a fatal outcome.

A danger linked not only to travel to tropical countries and with respect to which experts call for maximum alertness, in particular pay attention to symptoms: they should never be underestimated and if they persist it is important to contact your doctor or emergency room immediately.

Killer insect bites, how many fatal cases so far

Also last July, in Pavia a 75-year-old man stung by a hornet has died. It was fatal anaphylactic shock. And in June a forty-one year old, also in Udine, died of a bee or wasp sting while he was in his vineyards. In Sabaudia instead, still in June, 58-year-old man found dead of anaphylactic shock from spider bite.

In general, he states Marco Libanoredirector of the Infectious Diseases Unit of the University Hospital of Ferrara, «if there are persistent and particular symptoms after an insect bite, it is advisable to call a doctor immediately and, in the case of wasps, bees or scorpions, you should go directly to the emergency room. In case of simple bubbles, swelling and redness, an antibiotic-cortisone cream can be used. But in any case, the path of prudence is always to be preferred by contacting the doctor ».

Symptoms: what to look out for

In the case of anaphylactic shock, the most severe form of allergic reaction, symptoms appear minutes to hours after contact with the insect. Symptoms are cutaneous, respiratory and cardiovascular: it is important to seek medical attention immediately and, if available, give early adrenaline (epinephrine) via an auto-injector. This device is often prescribed to people with potentially severe allergies or who have already had such a reaction.

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Mosquitoes

With the summer, first of all the risk associated with stings increases mosquito: Anti-inflammatory drugs are usually sufficient, but if the reactions affect the body systemically, potentially life-threatening, hospitalization is necessary. The anopheles mosquito is responsible for malaria. The classical mosquito can be a vehicle of West Nile disease and those of the genus Aedes of Yellow Fever, Dengue, Chikungunya and Zyka.

Ticks

Stings are also frequent mint, usually painless and leave no traces. Most of the time we notice their sting only because we find them attached to the skin. Ticks can be dangerous as they are responsible for rickettsiosis and Lyme disease.

In Italy, he explains Luisa Barzon of the Italian Clinical Microbiologists Association, the greatest danger is constituted by the tick-borne encephalitis virus (Tbev) which can have a fatal outcome. In the first six months of 2023, nationwide, there were 7 confirmed cases of tick-borne encephalitis, according to what was reported by the National Arbovirus Surveillance System.

Spiders

There is also the bite of spiders: most of the time it is not dangerous, unless individual allergic reactions. If after 24 hours the wound continues to worsen, however, it is advisable to consult a doctor.

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Bees, wasps and hornets

Stings from bees, wasps or hornets, on the other hand, are easy for humans to recognize painful attacks. Wasps, bees and hornets have a sting containing a venom that is injected with the sting. The venom is very toxic but the quantities injected are usually small and are rarely life threatening. However, the risk of anaphylactic shock is present in a small percentage.

Finally, in the case of travel to tropical destinations, it is advisable to contact a travel medicine center before departure, which will be able to suggest the most appropriate precautions, including any prophylaxis measures. And when you get home, if you notice a fever or feel unwell, you should contact a infectious disease department.

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