Title: Hunger Stabilizes Globally, but Remains Above Pre-Pandemic Levels, UN Report Reveals
Date: [current date]
In a report published on Wednesday, five United Nations agencies revealed that hunger in the world has stabilized in 2022, with positive developments in regions like Latin America and Asia. However, the report also highlighted that hunger levels remain significantly higher than before the COVID-19 pandemic.
According to the report, an estimated 735 million people experienced hunger over the past year, accounting for approximately 9.2% of the global population. Although this figure is slightly lower than the previous year, it indicates an alarming increase of 122 million individuals compared to the end of 2019.
The report, jointly prepared by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Program (WFP), the Agricultural Development Fund (IFAD), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Children’s Fund (Unicef), emphasizes that these numbers hinder progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, including the international aim of eradicating hunger by 2030.
While some regions, namely Latin America and Asia, have made significant strides in reducing hunger, the effects of the pandemic recovery have been restrained globally due to issues such as the Ukraine conflict and rising food, agricultural, and energy prices.
On a regional level, hunger has worsened in Western Asia, the Caribbean, and all areas of Africa. The report reveals that nearly 20% of Africa’s population suffers from hunger, compared to 8.5% in Asia, 7% in Oceania, and 6.5% in Latin America and the Caribbean.
In addition to hunger, approximately 30% of the global population, or 2.4 billion people, face food insecurity. Of these, 900 million individuals find themselves in serious situations, indicating no significant changes compared to the previous year.
Addressing the report’s findings, the UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, emphasized the urgent need for a global effort to rescue the Sustainable Development Goals. Guterres noted that although there are indications of progress in some regions, a concentrated and immediate approach is necessary.
The report also explores the impact of urbanization on food systems. As growing levels of urbanization are projected to see nearly 70% of the global population residing in cities by 2050, the authors highlight the transformational impact on agri-food systems. The urbanization trend blurs many traditional differences between rural and urban areas, including the consumption patterns of both self-produced and processed foods.
Furthermore, the report reveals that food insecurity is more prevalent in rural areas, affecting 33% of the adult population, compared to 26% in urban areas. A similar trend is observed concerning child malnutrition.
The latest report serves as a reminder that while there have been improvements in some parts of the world, the global battle against hunger remains a pressing issue. Immediate and sustained action is required to ensure progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and ultimately eradicate hunger by 2030.
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