Estimates on the economic impact ofartificial intelligence leave no room for any doubt: AI will be one of the great engines of the world economy in the coming years. From the 15,700 billion dollars estimated globally by Pwc to the 2,700 billion euros estimated in Europe by McKinsey, the impacts of artificial intelligence on the planet’s GDP are now all converging on monstrous levels. However, this race is highly differentiated from country to country, as evidenced by the unexpressed potential of our country.
In the international estimates provided by McKinsey theItaly figures with an estimated impact of 13% on national GDP by 2030 (228 billion euros), lower than the European average of 19%. These and other numbers, notes the white paper “Promoting the development and adoption of Artificial Intelligence to support the recovery” elaborated by the technical table on AI by Anitec-Assinform “Artificial Intelligence”, signal the delay of Italy, but at the same time demonstrate the wide margins of development of artificial intelligence in our country.
Recent studies ofState and of Eurostat show that artificial intelligence is used more by large companies and that there is currently a gap in the adoption of AI solutions between Italian companies and the European average: at European level, in fact, 42% of the companies in the sample use at least one technology IA, while in Italy it would, we are still at 35%.
Nonetheless, observes the Anitec-Assinform white paper, artificial intelligence remains one of the enabling tools of digital transformation of the country and, together with the cloud, cybersecurity, blockchain and the Internet of Things, drove the digital market during the pandemic. Not surprisingly, the white paper identifies precisely in artificial intelligence a driving force for the efficiency and quality of relations between businesses, citizens, consumers and PA, as well as services and products with a view to better usability.
Among the hot points of the document drawn up by the association there are also the proposals addressed to the legislators. A permanent investment vision, the incentive policies it’s a strategy for technology transfer between university and business these are the main roads identified to allow Italy to make the most of the possibilities offered by artificial intelligence.
The attention to the theme of the human capital: artificial intelligence, underlines the white paper, should be understood as a lever that goes alongside human resources and not as a force in opposition to the human element. Hence the emphasis placed on the need for a rapid, effective and continuous training plan which, on the one hand, prepares future generations, and on the other, retrains the current workforce.
However, the artificial intelligence game remains a European, as well as a national one. China e United States for some time now they have been competing in the field of new digital technologies to conquer economic hegemony, while Europe has moved with delay to try to build a “European” way to artificial intelligence. The approach followed by the EU aims to create a federation of artificial intelligence. And it is precisely in this context, the curators of the white paper observe, that Italy must have ambitions as an absolute protagonist.