Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, June 21st.Topic: Join Hands to Create the Future – A Review of President Xi Jinping’s Leading BRICS Cooperation and Promoting Global Development
Xinhua News Agency reporter
Those who are willing to cooperate, do not take mountains and seas as far away.
In late June, BRICS cooperation once again ushered in a highlight moment. President Xi Jinping will preside over the 14th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting and the High-level Dialogue on Global Development in Beijing, attend the opening ceremony of the BRICS Business Forum by video, and deliver a keynote speech.
Since 2013, President Xi Jinping has hosted or attended all BRICS leaders’ meetings, contributed Chinese wisdom to leading BRICS cooperation, injected Chinese impetus into global development, and left a deep “China imprint” in the process of BRICS cooperation. . Time flies, recording the glorious chapter of Chinese leaders’ efforts to build a community with a shared future for mankind.
On September 7, 2021, the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership Innovation Base held a signing ceremony in Xiamen.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
“Develop the BRICS cooperative partnership well and build the BRICS cooperation mechanism well”
“We come from five countries on four continents in the world. We have come together to build a partnership and achieve the grand goal of common development. We have come together to promote the democratization of international relations and the noble cause of human peace and development.”
In March 2013, Xi Jinping made his first appearance on the international multilateral stage as Chinese President, that is, in Durban, South Africa, to attend the BRICS Summit.
At that time, the BRICS cooperation mechanism was still in its infancy. How can such a multilateral cooperation mechanism composed of emerging markets and developing countries take on the role of the times in a world unseen in a century?
Xiamen International Convention and Exhibition Center (taken on August 26, 2017, stitched photos).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jiang Kehong
President Xi Jinping guided the direction of BRICS solidarity and cooperation: “We should use partnership to closely link BRICS countries, and make great efforts to promote cooperation in the fields of economy and trade, finance, infrastructure construction, personnel exchanges, etc. The goal of multi-level large-scale circulation, large-scale land, sea and air connectivity, and large-scale cultural exchanges is advancing.”
Guided by the diplomacy of the head of state, and focusing on deepening the partnership, President Xi Jinping has continuously promoted the deepening and practicality of the BRICS cooperation mechanism——
In July 2014, in Fortaleza, Brazil, President Xi Jinping proposed the BRICS partnership spirit of “openness, inclusiveness, cooperation and win-win”, emphasizing that the blueprint for BRICS cooperation is “to develop the BRICS countries closer and more comprehensively. , stronger partnerships”.
In July 2015, in Ufa, Russia, President Xi Jinping put forward a four-point proposal of building a partnership for maintaining world peace, a partnership for promoting common development, a partnership for promoting diverse civilizations, and a partnership for strengthening global economic governance. The positioning of the “four major partnerships” provides new ideas for the future cooperation of the BRICS countries.
In October 2016, in Goa, India, President Xi Jinping summed up the 10-year experience of BRICS cooperation, and proposed to continue to expand and consolidate the BRICS “circle of friends”, maintain openness, inclusiveness, and seek common development.
The first 10 years of BRICS cooperation is a 10-year period of concentrating on development and a 10-year period of unremittingly deepening the partnership.
As the saying goes, the right way to make friends is like a thousand miles, solid in glue and paint, and solid in gold and stone.
The BRICS countries have different national conditions, but the pursuit of partnership, prosperity and development is the same.
Firmly grasp this “greatest common divisor”, carry forward the spirit of BRICS partnership, BRICS cooperation has become increasingly close, and successively cooperate with leaders of African countries, leaders of South American countries, the Eurasian Economic Union, and member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. , leaders of observer countries and invited countries, and leaders of member states of the “Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sector Economic and Technological Cooperation” to conduct dialogues.
Ideas guide action. From scratch, from small to large, BRICS cooperation has gradually formed a multi-field, multi-level and all-round structure covering politics, economy, finance, trade, society, and humanities. Cooperation mechanisms such as the New Development Bank, the Contingency Reserve Arrangement Mechanism, the Business Council, and the Think Tank Council were launched, and a number of pragmatic cooperation achievements took root and blossomed one after another.
September 2017, Ludao Xiamen. BRICS cooperation opens the door to the second “Golden Decade”.
On May 23, 2022, the 6th BRICS Industry Ministers Meeting was held in Xiamen, Fujian in the form of a video conference.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
Standing at the key point of linking the past and the future, President Xi Jinping reviewed the situation: “The significance of BRICS cooperation has exceeded the scope of the five countries, carrying the expectations of emerging market countries and developing countries and even the entire international community.”
During the Xiamen meeting, President Xi Jinping invited five leaders from countries in different regions of the world to discuss international development cooperation and South-South cooperation plans, open a new “BRICS+” cooperation model, and the BRICS cooperation mechanism has entered a new historical stage.
Driven by the Chinese side, the BRICS cooperation has been accelerated and shifted—from the “two-wheel drive” of politics and economy to the “three-wheel drive” structure of economy, trade, finance, political security, and people-to-people and cultural exchanges.
A year later in Johannesburg, South Africa, President Xi Jinping proposed to “jointly build the BRICS partnership for the new industrial revolution, strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination, promote cooperation in innovation and industrialization, and jointly accelerate the transformation, transformation and upgrading of new and old economic drivers”.
On December 8, 2020, the launching ceremony of the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership Innovation Base was held in Xiamen, Fujian.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
This year, BRICS cooperation once again ushered in the “Year of China“. Over the past few months, China has successfully held more than 70 conferences and events, and BRICS cooperation has achieved fruitful results. On May 19, BRICS foreign ministers gathered with ministers from nine emerging markets and developing countries, and the “BRICS+” dialogue was extended to the foreign minister level for the first time.
“One arrow is easy to break, but ten arrows are hard to break.” While continuously strengthening the core of BRICS solidarity and cooperation and enhancing the BRICS countries’ centripetal force and cohesion, we will continue to expand the BRICS “circle of friends”, and continue to expand the BRICS “circle of friends”. Achieving common development and prosperity is exactly the essence of the “BRICS+” proposed by President Xi Jinping.
Sukral, Deputy Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of South Africa, said that the “BRICS+” proposed by China has opened an inclusive process, and more developing countries have participated in cooperation. challenges and safeguard the interests of the vast number of developing countries.
Revisiting President Xi Jinping’s speech when he attended the BRICS leaders’ meeting for the first time made people feel more meaningful: “We must do our own affairs well, develop the BRICS partnership well, and promote the BRICS countries. The cooperation mechanism is well established.” “As long as we have firm confidence in our own development path and BRICS cooperation, and are not afraid of any risks or distracted by any interference, our cause will surely prosper.”
“Let the cake of cooperation become bigger and bigger, and make the forces of progress gather and become stronger”
Strengthening economic cooperation and achieving common development is the original intention and main line of BRICS cooperation, and it is also the field with the greatest potential, richest content and most concentrated results.
Against the background of the current global spread of COVID-19, difficulties in world economic development, and headwinds in economic globalization, what will be achieved and what will the international leaders’ meeting at the 14th meeting of the BRICS countries, which is at a critical historical juncture in the evolution of the international landscape, will be achieved? The society is highly concerned and full of eager expectations.
President Xi Jinping pointed out: “In the face of various current risks and challenges, it is more important than ever to strengthen solidarity and cooperation between emerging market countries and developing countries.”
On May 19 this year, President Xi Jinping delivered a video speech at the opening ceremony of the BRICS Foreign Ministers’ Meeting, emphasizing that the BRICS countries should “increase understanding and mutual trust, tighten cooperation ties, deepen the integration of interests, and make the cake of cooperation bigger and bigger. Let the forces of progress become stronger and stronger, and make greater contributions to the realization of the beautiful vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind.”
On May 23, 2022, guests attended the opening ceremony of the BRICS Industrial Internet and Digital Manufacturing Development Forum in Xiamen, Fujian.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
BRICS countries account for 23% of the global economy, 18% of trade in goods, and 25% of foreign investment. They are an important force in the world economy that cannot be ignored.
In March 2013, when President Xi Jinping attended the 5th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting in Durban, South Africa, he emphasized the importance of cooperative development with the metaphor of “a single tree cannot make a forest”, and pointed out that “in the era of in-depth development of economic globalization, the Under the current situation, the development of BRICS countries cannot stand alone, and must promote the common development of all countries while pursuing their own development.”
In July 2014, at the Sixth BRICS Leaders’ Meeting held in Fortaleza, Brazil, President Xi Jinping proposed to “unswervingly carry out all-round economic cooperation” and “strive for more early harvest results from cooperation in various fields. bring real benefits to the people of all countries.”
In July 2015, at the Seventh BRICS Leaders’ Meeting held in Ufa, Russia, President Xi Jinping further emphasized that in order for the BRICS cooperation cause to prosper, it is necessary to strengthen the foundation and build a community of BRICS interests. The meeting adopted the BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy, which pointed out the direction for the medium- and long-term BRICS cooperation.
In September 2017, President Xi Jinping outlined a blueprint for the second “Golden Decade” of BRICS cooperation at the ninth BRICS Leaders’ Meeting held in Xiamen, and proposed to “jointly grasp the historical opportunities brought about by the new industrial revolution”. , and actively explore new fields and new ways of pragmatic cooperation” and “make the BRICS cooperation mechanism stable and far-reaching”.
On May 23, 2022, the BRICS Industrial Internet and Digital Manufacturing Development Forum was held in Xiamen, Fujian.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
Over the years, when attending events related to BRICS cooperation on many occasions at home and abroad, President Xi Jinping has repeatedly called for the establishment of a “closer economic partnership” and used the “China Plan” to illuminate the direction of BRICS cooperation.
To take the road of common development well, we need to cultivate and cultivate deeply, so that the branches of cooperation can flourish.
On December 29, 2021, global attention was focused on another milestone in BRICS cooperation: the BRICS New Development Bank announced that it would welcome a new member, Egypt, following the decision to include the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay and Bangladesh. Another “expansion” of the development bank. At present, Bangladesh and the United Arab Emirates have completed the relevant procedures and become full members.
In 2014, during the meeting of BRICS leaders in Fortaleza, Brazil, under the personal coordination and promotion of President Xi Jinping, the five BRICS countries independently established the BRICS New Development Bank with the strength of overall cooperation.
President Xi Jinping pointed out: “Its establishment is a useful supplement and improvement to the existing financial system, and can promote a more profound reflection and more active reform of the international financial system.”
The headquarters building of the BRICS New Development Bank located in the World Expo Park in Pudong New Area, Shanghai (taken on June 17, 2022, drone photo).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Fang Zhe
Since its opening in July 2015, the Shanghai-based multilateral financial institution has approved and funded more than 80 projects totaling more than $31 billion. The stories of improving people’s livelihood and helping development are vivid and vivid——
After the improvement of roads in Maranhão, Brazil, the logistics cost of transporting food and other products will be reduced, and it will become a veritable “road of wealth” for the local people; the construction of a solar power generation base in Karnataka, India, reduces carbon dioxide emissions and promotes green environmental protection new idea…
From promoting the establishment of the New Development Bank, to emphasizing the need to “build, maintain, and develop well, and provide a strong guarantee for the economic development of developing countries”, to announcing that it will invest 4 million US dollars in the New Development Bank Project Reserve Fund to support banking operations. President Xi Jinping has devoted himself to the development of the New Development Bank and injected vitality into it.
To take the road of common development, it is also necessary to establish a wider partnership.
Visitors walk past the aircraft model displayed at the 2021 BRICS New Industrial Revolution Exhibition (photo taken on September 8, 2021).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
“We will establish a new industrial revolution partnership innovation base for BRICS countries in Xiamen, Fujian Province, and carry out cooperation in policy coordination, talent training, project development and other fields. BRICS countries are welcome to actively participate.” In November 2020, in the BRICS countries At the 12th Leaders’ Meeting, President Xi Jinping sincerely issued an “Invitation from China“.
In just over a year since its launch, the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership Innovation Base has handed over a dazzling “transcript” of cooperation: promoting think tank cooperative research, carrying out talent training covering more than 120,000 person-times in 28 countries, and launching 100 projects. Multiple BRICS demonstration projects…
South African President Ramaphosa, who co-sponsored the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership Initiative with President Xi Jinping, commented: “This partnership will bring the second ‘Golden Decade’ to life through industrialization, innovation, inclusive growth, and investment cooperation. The blueprint translates into reality.”
During the 14th BRICS Summit, President Xi Jinping will preside over a high-level dialogue on global development. The theme of the dialogue was “Building a Global Development Partnership in the New Era and Working Together to Implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
On September 8, 2021, visitors take photos of aircraft models at the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Exhibition that opened in Xiamen.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
In the context of the intertwined changes in the century and the epidemic of the century, promoting sustainable development and achieving the Millennium Development Goals are the common development expectations of the people of all countries.
Focusing on the sustainable development of mankind and the enhancement of common well-being, President Xi Jinping solemnly proposed a global development initiative during the general debate of the United Nations General Assembly in 2021 by video, providing an action guide for all countries to focus on development, unite development and common development.
The Chinese plan embodies the global consensus on development. At present, more than 100 countries and international organizations such as the United Nations have supported the Global Development Initiative. The “Group of Friends of the Global Development Initiative” established by China on the platform of the United Nations has more than 50 members.
In May of this year, President Xi Jinping pointed out in his congratulatory letter to the BRICS Forum of Political Parties, Think Tanks and Civil Society Organizations that China is willing to work with other countries, including the BRICS countries, to accelerate the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and make steady progress. The implementation of the global development initiative will jointly build a global development community.
Since taking over the presidency this year, China has continuously promoted the extension of BRICS cooperation to a wider and deeper level, and strengthened the resilience and vitality of BRICS pragmatic cooperation:
Through the “BRICS Initiative on Trade, Investment and Sustainable Development”, reached the “BRICS Digital Economy Partnership Framework”, established a BRICS space cooperation mechanism, signed a food security cooperation strategy, and established a BRICS Vocational Education Alliance…
After 16 years of glorious history, BRICS cooperation has taken root and flourished. A new picture of BRICS cooperation is slowly unfolding.
Hainan Boao Forum for Asia International Conference Center (taken on April 8, 2021, drone photo).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Pu Xiaoxu
“Make positive contributions to world peace and development, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind”
“Insist on helping each other and strengthen public health cooperation”, “Adhering to fairness and accessibility, and strengthening international cooperation on vaccines“… In September 2021, President Xi Jinping attended the 13th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting by video and delivered an important speech, which was a powerful speech. The words show China‘s responsibility as a major country in promoting international anti-epidemic cooperation and the world‘s feelings of promoting the building of a community of human health.
In March 2022, the BRICS Vaccine R&D Center was launched online. Against the backdrop of repeated delays in the COVID-19 epidemic, the BRICS countries have taken another solid step towards strengthening cooperation in public health and vaccine research and development.
A century-old epidemic is not only a test of the coping capabilities of countries, but also a test of the spirit of human solidarity. The meaning and value of partners is not only in the CCP’s success in good times, but also in the adversity to move forward together.
From the 2020 BRICS rotating presidency Russia issuing a presidential statement expressing support for China’s anti-epidemic efforts, to China’s assistance to the world, including the BRICS countries, to the best of its ability when the epidemic spreads globally; issued from the BRICS New Development Bank The 10 billion US dollars loan is specially used for the BRICS countries to fight the epidemic, and the meeting of the health ministers of the BRICS countries agreed to start the work related to the early warning system for the prevention of large-scale infectious diseases in the BRICS countries…
In the face of the epidemic, the BRICS countries help each other and fight the epidemic in solidarity, further building a “BRICS line of defense” against the epidemic, and demonstrating the “BRICS responsibility” to promote global health governance.
On January 14, 2020, the first launch ceremony of Chinese fresh pears exported to Brazil was held in Botou, Cangzhou, Hebei.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Mou Yu
The development and growth of the BRICS countries has driven the speed, breadth and depth of the adjustment of the international structure, and is fundamentally changing the political and economic landscape of the world. Promoting and leading the reform of the global governance system is the proper meaning of BRICS cooperation.
In March 2013, in the Great Hall of the People, President Xi Jinping pointed out in a joint interview with the BRICS media: “The global economic governance system must reflect the profound changes in the world economic pattern and increase the representation and voice of emerging market and developing countries. .”
“International economic rules need to be constantly innovated to adapt to the new changes in the global growth pattern and match responsibilities and capabilities” “We must continue to be participants, promoters, and leaders in the process of global governance reform”…
BRICS cooperation has gone beyond the old routine of political and military alliances, and established a new relationship of partnership and non-alignment; beyond the old thinking of ideological delineation, it has embarked on a new path of mutual respect and common progress; The old concept of I win and the winner takes all has practiced the new concept of mutual benefit and win-win cooperation. This cooperation model conforms to the objective needs of the five countries and conforms to the historical trend, which will help promote the development of the international order in a more just and reasonable direction.
In the early morning of October 30, 2019, the first direct e-commerce cargo route “Cainiao” from Hangzhou, Zhejiang to Moscow, the capital of Russia, made its maiden flight from Xiaoshan International Airport.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Huang Zongzhi
In September 2017, during the BRICS leaders’ meeting in Xiamen, President Xi Jinping elaborated on improving global governance: “firmly adhere to the basic norms of multilateralism and international relations” and “promote an open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win situation”. “Economic globalization” “promote the reform of global economic governance, improve the representation and voice of emerging market countries and developing countries, and provide new impetus for solving the imbalance of development between the North and the South and promoting world economic growth”…
After the meeting, two “heavyweight” documents were issued: the 40-page BRICS Leaders Xiamen Declaration, covering 71 consensuses, laid out a new blueprint for strengthening the BRICS partnership and deepening practical cooperation in various fields; The Chairman’s Statement of the Dialogue between Market Countries and Developing Countries includes a series of future-oriented solemn commitments to promote the implementation of the sustainable development agenda, strengthen South-South cooperation, and build development partnerships.
President Xi Jinping pointed out: “The key to the rapid development of BRICS cooperation lies in finding the right path for cooperation.” In order to safeguard our common interests.” “Faced with challenges, BRICS countries must demonstrate responsibility, make positive contributions to world peace and development, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.”
On April 14, 2020, anti-epidemic materials aided by China arrived at Otambo International Airport in Johannesburg, South Africa. Xinhua News Agency (Photo courtesy of the Chinese Embassy in South Africa)
According to Robert Kuhn, chairman of the Kuhn Foundation in the United States, BRICS cooperation provides a testing ground for exploring new ways of global governance. He summed up the grand vision of China‘s foreign policy as “eight major concepts”, of which the community with a shared future is at the top of the list.
To promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, President Xi Jinping has done his best.
For more than 9 years, from Beijing to Durban, South Africa, Goa, India, from the BRICS countries to the United Nations, the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization… In his close interaction with the world, President Xi Jinping has deeply pondered and answered “how is the world going to be?” What should we do?” the topic of the times.
For more than 9 years, from the concept of righteousness and interests to the concept of global governance, the common value of all mankind, from the “Belt and Road” initiative to the global development initiative, global security initiative… President Xi Jinping has been constantly trying to solve the governance deficit and trust deficit faced by human society. , development deficit, and peace deficit provide Chinese programs and public goods.
The journey of the avenue, the world is the public. Under the strong leadership of the head of state diplomacy, China will, as always, work together with all countries in the world, including the BRICS, to build high-quality partnerships, jointly create a new era of global development, and play a strong voice in the era of building a community with a shared future for mankind. (Reporters Liu Hua, Han Jie, Zheng Mingda, Liu Si, Wang Bin, Wen Wen)
On June 1, 2022, local employees work on a TV production line in the Hisense South African Industrial Park in Cape Town, South Africa.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lu Tianran
This is the scene of the expansion project of the TCP terminal yard in the Port of Paranagua, Brazil, taken on August 27, 2018. The in-depth cooperation between Chinese and Pakistani enterprises has helped the Port of Paranagua rejuvenate.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Peng Hua
A man uses a Chinese-branded mobile phone at a mall in Chennai, India, on October 8, 2019.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lv Xiaowei
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