The 13th Party Congress of Guangdong Province proposed that it should be the strategic fulcrum of the new development pattern and unswervingly promote high-quality development, including building a more internationally competitive modern industrial system. At the same time, Guangdong will work together to promote high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance, and create a high-tech and industrial innovation highland with global influence.
In 2021, Guangdong’s total industrial added value will exceed 4.5 trillion yuan, continuing to rank first in the country. The added value of 20 strategic industrial clusters will be about 4 trillion yuan, accounting for 1/3 of the province’s GDP. Looking to the future, how can Guangdong further comprehensively improve the level of advanced industrial foundation and industrial chain modernization?
On May 23, around the hot words of “building a world-class advanced manufacturing cluster”, “strengthening the leadership of the digital economy” and “the whole process of innovation ecological chain” hotly discussed by party representatives, a reporter from Southern Finance and Economics (hereinafter referred to as: Southern Finance) Interview with Gong Jiayong, Vice President of Guangdong CCID Research Institute.
He said that in recent years, Guangdong has focused on 20 strategic industrial clusters and deeply implemented the “six major projects” for high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, which will help improve the collaborative innovation system of the manufacturing industry and promote the industry to accelerate toward the mid-to-high end of the global value chain. In the future, Guangdong needs to further promote the “chain length system” and strengthen “stabilizing, supplementing, strengthening, and controlling the chain”.
Strengthening the “Twin Engines” of Industrial Competition and Collaboration
Southern Finance and Economics: In recent years, Guangdong has planned 20 strategic industrial clusters. In 2021, the added value of these 20 strategic industrial clusters will account for 40% of GDP. How can Guangdong further promote the development of 20 strategic industrial clusters and create a modern industrial system?
Gong Jiayong: Industrial clusters are also called “industrial clusters” and “competitive clusters”, which means that industrial clusters contain both a competition mechanism and a synergy mechanism. At present, the added value of Guangdong’s strategic pillar industries accounts for a relatively large proportion of GDP, but to further strengthen, it is necessary to form a development trend that is both competitive and synergistic.
In terms of competition, Guangdong needs to further introduce leading enterprises, embed them into the original industrial chain, break the original competition pattern, and stimulate the innovation vitality of enterprises with the “catfish effect”; in terms of collaboration, Guangdong not only needs to guide the large and medium-sized enterprises in the industrial cluster. To integrate development, we must also pay attention to the construction of supporting facilities such as producer services and technological innovation platforms, jointly promote technological innovation in the industry, and form a development trend of synchronous iteration and synergy and complementarity of the entire industry chain.
Southern Finance and Economics: Guangdong is implementing the “six major projects” for high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. How to speed up the realization of the independent and controllable industrial chain and supply chain?
Gong Jiayong: The real purpose of cultivating industrial clusters is to build an independent, safe, diversified and controllable industrial chain supply chain. First of all, we must grasp the scope of autonomy and control. Ni Guangnan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, has four meanings for “independent and controllable”. One is the independent control of intellectual property rights; Competitiveness; the third level is the ability of independent development and iteration; the fourth level is that the products and services produced must have “domestic qualifications”.
In fact, Guangdong has a good foundation for industrial development. Next, it is necessary to sort out which level of each industrial chain is independently controllable, and set corresponding goals to guide the direction of capital and avoid the waste of resources caused by low-end repeated construction. In fact, the 20 strategic industrial clusters cultivated by Guangdong and the “six major projects” for high-quality development of the manufacturing industry are answering this question.
Another aspect is to optimize the regional industrial layout. Under the current influence of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, shortening the physical distance of the physical supply chain has become more and more important. One of the “six major projects” for the high-quality development of Guangdong’s manufacturing industry is the implementation of optimized layout projects. Next, we must pay more attention to the effective coordination of the industrial chain and supply chain in the Pearl River Delta region and eastern Guangdong, western Guangdong and northern Guangdong, and improve the regional layout of high-quality development of the manufacturing industry.
Promote the iterative upgrade of the “chain length system”
Nanfang Finance and Economics: The Guangdong Provincial Party Congress emphasized the importance of the “chain-length system”. How should the “chain-length system” work better in the next step?
Gong Jiayong: The implementation of the “chain-length system” will help to better combine a promising government with an efficient market. For example, for some basic research and emerging industries, their development prospects are not yet clear, and when they cannot achieve market benefits, they need policy support and guidance.
However, from the current point of view, my country’s “chain length system” is still at the stage of version 1.0, that is to say, the coordinating power of the government and the market can only be exerted when the enterprise needs the supply of basic elements such as talents, land and capital. However, in order to promote the industry to the mid-to-high end of the global value chain, some forward-looking institutional innovations are needed, raising the “chain-length system” to a higher-level version, focusing on common industrial problems, and solving the development problems of the entire industrial chain and industrial clusters.
For example, the current lack of basic research is a constraint factor for the development and growth of many strategic emerging industries. In this case, we can vigorously introduce the strength of universities and scientific research institutes, and increase innovation and research efforts to solve the basic problems that restrict the development of industries. problem. In the final analysis, Guangdong needs to link different resources through the “chain length system”, and ultimately build a whole industry chain ecology and enhance the industry’s own development capabilities.
Southern Finance and Economics: Guangdong also emphasized that it is necessary to develop and upgrade a group of leading enterprises in technological innovation, cultivate and build a group of “specialized, special and new” enterprises, and support and strengthen a group of backbone enterprises in basic security. Next, how should Guangdong build a new innovation engine with enterprises as the main body?
Gong Jiayong: First of all, a pattern of integrated development of large and medium-sized enterprises should be formed. Large enterprises should make use of their own advantages and play a leading role in innovation. At present, small and medium-sized enterprises and “specialized, specialized and new” enterprises have increasingly become an important node for advancing the advanced industrial foundation and the modernization of the industrial chain, and these enterprises should be guided to accelerate their development.
Specifically, it can be carried out in four aspects. First, on the basis of inclusive policies, we should introduce powerful policies for small and medium-sized technology-based enterprises and “specialized, specialized, and new” enterprises to optimize the development environment of enterprises. For example, Guangzhou has issued the “Guangzhou City” “Specialized, Specialized and Innovative” Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Cultivation Three-Year Action Plan (2022-2024)”, to speed up the filling of policy shortcomings; the second is to reform the innovation reward system, and strive for scientific and technological innovation rewards to technology-based SMEs, “specialized and innovative” The third is to give full play to the supporting role of the public service platform for SMEs, bringing together various research institutions and professional service institutions such as think tanks, research institutes, key laboratories, and universities to provide “diagnosis” and “prescription” services for the development of SMEs. Help enterprises to clarify the direction of development; fourth, encourage leading enterprises and state-owned enterprises to open up their supply chains, allow small and medium-sized enterprises to carry out supporting innovations based on the supply chain needs of large enterprises and platform enterprises, increase resource sharing, and form a pattern of upstream and downstream collaborative innovation.
At present, we have entered the deep-water area of ”innovation”. The encouragement of enterprise innovation should not stop at the level of “one policy” and “one measure”, but to create a good innovation ecology and build a systematic promotion mechanism.
Southern Finance and Economics: The innovative development of the digital economy is also the key layout direction of Guangdong. How do you view its significance and the construction of Guangdong’s digital economy as a strong province?
Gong Jiayong: The digital economy has become the most important feature of the fourth industrial revolution. Looking back at the three industrial revolutions in history, we can find that the industrial revolution has greatly improved production efficiency, so the core problem to be solved in the high-quality development of the digital economy is to reduce production costs and improve production efficiency.
To promote the construction of a strong province in the digital economy, I think Guangdong must grasp four key points. First, strengthen the independent innovation of key digital core technologies and cultivate and develop the core industries of the digital economy. Although Guangdong is a major province in the electronic information industry, there are still shortcomings in the core industries of the digital economy such as semiconductors and industrial software, and these shortcomings must be accelerated; the second is to accelerate the construction of comprehensive digital infrastructure to allow data and information to flow Open up the information “artery” of economic and social development, and drive the accelerated conversion of old and new kinetic energy; the third is to truly understand and solve the pain points and needs of the real economy in the process of the penetration of the digital economy into the real economy. For example, for traditional enterprises, not only To improve the production efficiency of enterprises through digital transformation, it is also necessary to solve the problem of product sales through technologies such as big data and cloud computing; the fourth is to improve the digital economy governance system, activate the potential of data elements through institutional innovation, and promote digital technology and the real economy. deep fusion.
(Author: Zhang Wenzhuo, Hu Xinyue Editor: Li Zhen)