Original title: The State Council has listed four types of state-owned assets, why is the natural resource assets arranged last?
The 31st meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, which ended last month, heard and reviewed for the first time a special report on the management of state-owned natural resource assets. In this regard, on November 9, the General Office of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress held a special collective interview event in the form of a video conference.
New responsibilities assigned to the National People’s Congress by the Party Central Committee
Zhang Yongzhi, Director of the Investigation Office of the Budget Working Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress said,The Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed to strengthen the supervision function of state-owned assets of the National People’s Congress.In December 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the “Opinions on Establishing a System for Reporting State-owned Assets Management by the State Council to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress”, deploying and establishing a state-owned asset management reporting system.This is a major decision-making arrangement for the Party Central Committee to strengthen the management and governance of state-owned assets, and to effectively give play to the fundamental political system of the People’s Congress. It is a new responsibility assigned by the Party Central Committee to the People’s Congress.
According to its introduction,Since 2018, while reviewing the comprehensive report, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress has listened to and reviewed special reports on the management of state-owned assets of financial enterprises, state-owned administrative assets, and state-owned assets of non-financial enterprises, plus the first hearing last month. And a special report on the management of state-owned natural resource assets under consideration,At present, it has achieved full coverage of the special reports on the management of the four main types of state-owned assets determined by the central opinion.
Why is the state-owned natural resource asset management report the last one?
Why is the report on the management of state-owned natural resources assets scheduled for 2021, which is the last of the special reports?
Zhang Yongzhi said, “Among the four types of state-owned assets, natural resource assets are diverse, large in scale, widely distributed, and complex in management, and various reforms are still in the process of progress, and the management foundation is relatively weak. Therefore, the 13th National People’s Congress Standing Committee implemented the central opinions. The special report on the management of state-owned natural resource assets was arranged in the last five-year plan.In the past four years, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and through the efforts of the government, the National People’s Congress and relevant parties, significant progress has been made in the management and reform of state-owned natural resources assets. A panoramic report on the status of state-owned natural resource assets in 11 categories, including state-owned land, minerals, forests, and grasslands, and a more comprehensive report on the management of state-owned natural resource assets, the progress of reforms, and the results achieved, revealing the existing problems. Proposed the next work arrangement. should say,Handed in a satisfactory answer sheet”。
He believes that the state-owned natural resource assets show the “family status”, “it is conducive to the supervision of the National People’s Congress, highlighting the problem orientation, effectively promoting the standardization and improvement of the management of state-owned natural resources The protection of natural resource assets and the level of economical and intensive utilization, and better play the strategic support and basic guarantee role of state-owned natural resource assets in serving the country’s economic and social development, ecological civilization construction, and maintaining national security;It is conducive to further clarify the “family status” of state-owned natural resource assets through supervision, report a clear account of state-owned natural resource assets to the people of the whole country, effectively protect the people’s right to know, participate and supervise, and accelerate the establishment of a new state-owned natural asset governance Structure and improve governance”。
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress deliberates opinions and suggestions: accelerate the promotion of the ownership entrusted agency mechanism
Zhang Yongzhi said that when he heard and reviewed the special report on the management of state-owned natural resources assets for the first time, some members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress suggested that: to further improve the state-owned natural resource asset management system, accelerate the promotion of the state-owned natural resource ownership agency mechanism; strengthen the state-owned natural resource asset management system; Fundamental management of natural resources assets, unify and standardize standards, improve the systems of investigation and monitoring, statistical accounting, and confirmation and registration, consolidate the basis of physical statistics of natural resources, further understand the “family status”, and accelerate the advancement of state-owned natural resource databases and management information sharing Platform construction; implement classified management and classified supervision according to the different nature and functions of natural resource assets.
Liao Yonglin, Director of the Department of Natural Resources Owners’ Rights and Interests of the Ministry of Natural Resources, said,“To perfect the state-owned natural resource asset management system, we must first clarify the responsibilities of the owner.After research, we define the connotation of the responsibility of the owner of the nationally owned natural resource assets as‘Advocate ownership, exercise rights, fulfill obligations, assume responsibilities, implement rights and interests’These five aspects, a total of 20 characters, are used as the logical basis and theoretical support for the design and planning of the rights and interests management system”; A state-owned natural resource asset management system consisting of planning and use systems, asset allocation systems, income management systems, assessment and evaluation systems, and asset reporting systems.The system constituted by these eight systems is not closed, but open.With the deepening of the work, there will be more relevant state-owned natural resource asset management systems”。
Cultivated land protection situation remains grim
Liao Yonglin said, “We have maintained the national red line for the protection of 1.8 billion mu of arable land, and completed the task of holding 1.865 billion mu of arable land in 2020 as determined by the national plan. However, from what we know, the situation of cultivated land protection is still grim.for example,Our procedural and substantive illegal occupation of cultivated land still occurs from time to time.Routine land inspections in 2020 found 7,371 problems with illegal construction, occupation and destruction of cultivated land, involving 704,700 acres of cultivated land. In some places, the requirements for the balance of arable land occupation and compensation are not yet in place. We have taken note of the opinions of the society on this issue. Since 2018, we have organized and carried out the verification of the balance of occupation and compensation for four consecutive years. 158,000 projects involving supplementary arable land, with an average of 5.2% found to have problems.”
He emphasized that the next step is to strengthen the protection of cultivated land, “consolidate the responsibilities of local party committees and governments at all levels of cultivated land protection, implement the responsibility of the party and government, and speed up the exploration of the establishment of the farmland leader system.The arable land retention amount and the permanent basic farmland protection target task belt position are decomposed and assigned step by step, as rigid indicators for strict assessment”。
At the same time, resolutely curb the “non-agriculturalization” of cultivated land and strictly control the “non-grainization”. “According to the current “Permanent Basic Farmland Protection Regulations”, cultivated land is mainly used for the production of agricultural products such as grain, cotton, oil, sugar, and rape, and the occupation of permanent basic farmland is clearly prohibited. The development of forestry and fruit industry and the digging of ponds to raise fish, etc. These regulations must be strictly and conscientiously implemented. In addition, in conjunction with the newly revised “Land Management Law Implementation Regulations”, the operation and management regulations on the conversion of cultivated land to forest land, grassland, garden land and other agricultural land should be improved. That is, it is necessary to manage both’non-agriculturalization’ and’non-grainization’ issues.”
Beijing News reporter Wang Shu
Image source: General Office of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress