Home » Scientists manage to capture for the first time an enigmatic crystal that has been expected for more than 90 years – Enséñame de Ciencia

Scientists manage to capture for the first time an enigmatic crystal that has been expected for more than 90 years – Enséñame de Ciencia

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Scientists manage to capture for the first time an enigmatic crystal that has been expected for more than 90 years – Enséñame de Ciencia

Scientists Make Groundbreaking Discovery of Wigner Crystal

In the ever-evolving world of science, there are still many mysteries waiting to be unraveled. Recently, a group of American and Japanese experts from Princeton University made a groundbreaking discovery that is set to revolutionize the field of physics.

This discovery, published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature, involves the observation of the enigmatic Wigner crystal. Proposed by physicist Eugene Wigner over 90 years ago, the Wigner crystal is the solid state of subatomic electrons. According to Wigner’s theory, when electrons are in a neutralizing background, they can form a tightly packed and regular crystalline network.

Using high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy measurements, the scientists were able to directly visualize the electron Wigner crystal induced in flawless graphene sheets at low temperatures by a perpendicular magnetic field. This allowed them to confirm the formation of the crystal and study its properties in ways that were previously impossible.

The researchers found that the electrons organized themselves into a compact triangular lattice structure, despite their natural tendency to repel each other. The stability of the crystal even when the density changes significantly challenges previous theories and opens up new avenues for research in quantum physics.

The discovery of the Wigner crystal is not only a significant scientific achievement but also a testament to the power of collaboration and innovation in the pursuit of knowledge. As physicist Al Yazdani from Princeton University puts it, “Visualizing this crystal allows us to not only observe its formation, confirming many of its properties, but we can also study it in ways that could not be done in the past.”

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This discovery serves as a reminder that there is still much to learn and explore in the field of science. As we continue to push the boundaries of human knowledge, new discoveries like the Wigner crystal pave the way for a deeper understanding of the universe that surrounds us.

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