Home World In the first half of the year, the total value of import and export of trade in goods exceeded 18 trillion yuan, and there is a good foundation for steady and high-quality growth in foreign trade volume_China

In the first half of the year, the total value of import and export of trade in goods exceeded 18 trillion yuan, and there is a good foundation for steady and high-quality growth in foreign trade volume_China

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Original title: The total value of import and export of goods trade in the first half of the year exceeded 18 trillion yuan, and the annual foreign trade volume has a good foundation for a steady and high-quality increase

According to customs statistics, the total value of my country’s import and export of goods trade in the first half of this year was 18.07 trillion yuan, an increase of 27.1% over the same period last year. Among them, exports were 9.85 trillion yuan, an increase of 28.1%; imports were 8.22 trillion yuan, an increase of 25.9%. Compared with the same period in 2019, imports and exports, exports, and imports increased by 22.8%, 23.8%, and 21.7% respectively.

In June, my country’s foreign trade imports and exports reached 3.29 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 22%, and since June 2020, it has achieved positive year-on-year growth for 13 consecutive months.

“In the first half of the year, China‘s import and export scale reached the best level in the same period in history, laying a good foundation for the steady and quality increase of foreign trade volume throughout the year.” Li Kuiwen, spokesperson of the General Administration of Customs and Director of the Statistics and Analysis Department, released a press release on the 13th. At the meeting, it was stated that it is necessary to base on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote the high-quality development of foreign trade with more powerful measures to ensure that the “14th Five-Year Plan” foreign trade has a good start and a good start.

The domestic economy is stable and improving, providing strong support for the sustained and stable growth of foreign trade

Li Kuiwen said that in the first half of the year, the domestic economy strengthened steadily and improved steadily, and the vitality of market entities increased, which provided strong support for the sustained and stable growth of foreign trade. In particular, the dividends of the stable foreign trade policy have been continuously released, the high-level open platform has led and led, and the advantages of new trade formats and new models have been highlighted.

According to customs data, in the first half of the year, imports and exports in my country’s comprehensive bonded zones increased by 29.1%, in the pilot free trade zone increased by 32.1%, and the Hainan Free Trade Port increased by 46.1%, both significantly higher than the overall growth rate of foreign trade. In the first half of the year, my country’s cross-border e-commerce imports and exports amounted to 886.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 28.6%. Among them, exports were 603.6 billion yuan, an increase of 44.1%; imports were 283.1 billion yuan, an increase of 4.6%. Market procurement and exports increased by 49.1%.

In the first half of the year, my country’s enterprises with actual import and export performance increased by 36,000 to 479,000. These enterprises have made full efforts to promote production and stabilize foreign trade. The volume of imported and exported goods has increased by 16% and 29% respectively, which has effectively ensured the security and stability of the international industrial chain and supply chain, and further consolidated the sound development momentum of my country’s foreign trade.

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In addition, the continuous recovery of the global economy has led to an increase in external demand, which has boosted international trade and the export of Chinese products. In the first half of the year, many international organizations successively raised their expectations for global economic growth this year. For example, in April, the International Monetary Fund raised its forecast for global economic growth in 2021 to 6%; in June, the World Bank raised its forecast to 5.6%. In the first half of the year, my country’s exports to the United States, the European Union, and ASEAN increased by 31.7%, 25.5%, and 27.8%, respectively, and exports to Latin America and Africa increased by 47% and 27.7%, respectively.

Li Kuiwen said that my country upholds the concept of a community of human health and health, and actively participates in the World Health Organization’s “New Crown Vaccine Implementation Plan” to support countries in fighting the epidemic. Since the beginning of this year, the General Administration of Customs has introduced a series of measures to ensure the rapid customs clearance of the new crown vaccine. According to statistics, in the first half of this year, my country has exported more than 500 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine and stock solutions to 112 countries and regions. my country’s global supply of vaccines and stock solutions is equivalent to 1/6 of the current global vaccine production, which has made important contributions to global anti-epidemic cooperation and economic recovery.

Looking forward to the foreign trade situation in the second half of the year, Li Kuiwen said that in general, the current new crown pneumonia epidemic is still spreading in many places around the world, and there are still many uncertain and unstable factors facing the development of foreign trade. At the same time, in the second half of last year, my country’s foreign trade imports and exports increased by nearly 27% over the first half of last year. Under the influence of a higher base, the year-on-year growth rate of imports and exports in the second half of this year may slow down, but imports and exports throughout the year are still expected to remain relatively fast. increase.

Endogenous motivation continues to increase, and private enterprises have more vitality and resilience in import and export

“In recent years, my country’s foreign trade endogenous momentum has continued to increase, and private enterprises have gradually become the largest operating entity in my country’s foreign trade.” Li Kuiwen introduced that in the first half of this year, private enterprises’ imports and exports were 8.64 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 35.1%, accounting for my country’s foreign trade. 47.8% of the total value of imports and exports, the proportion increased by 2.8 percentage points. Among them, exports were 5.59 trillion yuan, an increase of 35.6%; imports were 3.05 trillion yuan, an increase of 34.3%.

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Private enterprises have more vitality and resilience in import and export. Private enterprises take advantage of independent and flexible production and operation, keenly capture market opportunities, quickly respond to domestic and international market demands, and demonstrate greater vitality and resilience in foreign trade development. In the first half of the year, the growth rates of my country’s private enterprises’ imports and exports, imports and exports were 8, 7.5, and 8.4 percentage points higher than the overall growth rate respectively. Among them, the export value of commodities such as household appliances, computers, medical materials and medicines increased by 46.2%, 38.7%, and 70.8% respectively; the export value of commodities such as metal mines and ore, unwrought copper and copper materials, and cosmetics increased by 66% respectively , 65.2%, 38.8%.

Regional development has become more coordinated. In the first half of the year, the import and export growth rate of private enterprises in the central and western regions reached 44.6%, which was 9.5% higher than the overall growth rate of private enterprises. Among the top 10 provinces in terms of import and export growth of private enterprises, 8 are from the central and western regions.

Market development has been continuously strengthened. In the first half of the year, private enterprises’ imports and exports to traditional markets such as the European Union, the United States, Japan, and South Korea increased by 31.4%, 45.7%, 19.8% and 28.3% respectively. At the same time, private enterprises’ imports and exports to countries along the “Belt and Road” increased by 34.5%, of which imports and exports to ASEAN increased by 37.3%.

Li Kuiwen said that in the first half of the year, the national customs continued to optimize the business environment at ports, and jointly launched 18 reform and innovation measures with relevant departments to study and draft measures to further deepen cross-border trade facilitation reforms and optimize the business environment at ports, which will be implemented after the procedures are submitted for approval. . Continue to deepen the construction of the “single window” of international trade, which realizes the docking and data sharing with 25 departmental systems. 18 types of basic service functions were launched online, providing more than 700 service items, basically covering the field of port law enforcement. At the same time, facilitation measures such as “two-step declaration”, “advance declaration”, “green channel”, “no on-site inspection”, “appointment inspection, priority inspection” and other facilitation measures have been comprehensively promoted to improve the efficiency of customs clearance and solve problems for import and export enterprises.

Continue to deepen economic and trade cooperation along the Belt and Road and achieve remarkable results

Since the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative was put forward, my country’s trade with countries along the “Belt and Road” has become increasingly close. Especially since last year, in the face of the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, my country and relevant countries have watched and helped each other to overcome the difficulties, and continuously deepened the economic and trade cooperation of the “Belt and Road”, and achieved remarkable results.

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In the first half of this year, my country’s imports and exports to countries along the “Belt and Road” reached 5.35 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.5%, 0.4 percentage points higher than the overall growth rate of my country’s foreign trade in the same period, and accounting for 29.6% of my country’s total foreign trade import and export value. Among them, exports were 3.03 trillion yuan, an increase of 29.1%; imports were 2.32 trillion yuan, an increase of 25.6%.

Trade exchanges continued to be active, and exports of “home economy” products, steel products, and automobiles performed well, becoming an important force driving the growth of my country’s exports to countries along the route. In the first half of the year, my country’s exports of computers, household appliances, furniture and other “home economy” products to countries along the “Belt and Road” totaled 187.3 billion yuan, an increase of 35.1%; exports of steel products amounted to 127.87 billion yuan, an increase of 47.8%; exports of automobiles and parts were 105.02 billion yuan Yuan, an increase of 54.6%; the export of medical materials and drugs was 42.56 billion yuan, an increase of 95%.

Cooperation in the fields of energy, agriculture, and minerals has deepened, and imports of crude oil, agricultural products, and metal ore have increased steadily. The advantages of China-Europe Express Express have been highlighted, and they have played an important role in ensuring the stability of trade with countries along the route. According to data from China National Railway Group, in the first half of this year, China-Europe freight trains opened 7,377 and sent 707,000 TEUs, up 43% and 52% year-on-year respectively, and the combined heavy container rate reached 98%. According to customs statistics, in the first half of the year, my country’s imports and exports to countries along the “Belt and Road” route by rail transportation were 209.78 billion yuan, an increase of 43.1%, and the growth rate was 15.3, 13 and 21.3 faster than water, road, and air imports and exports, respectively. percentage point.

Li Kuiwen said that in the next step, the General Administration of Customs will continue to implement the “14th Five-Year Plan” to promote the high-quality development of the “Belt and Road” Customs Work Plan, create more bright spots in the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”, and promote the construction of the “Belt and Road”. Quality development.

Drawing: Zhang DanfengReturn to Sohu to see more

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