Home World “Compulsory” stop to coal: from the Pre-Cop26 summit the road marked to save the climate

“Compulsory” stop to coal: from the Pre-Cop26 summit the road marked to save the climate

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MILANO – The way to face the “challenge of the century” has been traced. “Compulsory” decarbonization, at least 100 billion dollars a year from the most powerful countries to the most vulnerable and poor ones to face the climate crisis, funds that will have to become trillions by 2025 thanks to the involvement of private investments. And then the expansion of renewables and the creation of millions of green jobs, the permanent involvement of young people in climate negotiations and a more courageous commitment, with the redefinition of local climate plans, in avoiding an increase in temperatures above 1, 5 ° compared to pre-industrial levels and set by the Paris Agreement.

In Milan, after three days of intense discussions between 50 ministers from all over the world, the Pre-Cop26, anticipation of the United Nations Climate Conference to be held in Glasgow in November, an event “of the century for the fate of the planet” came to an end. “, he said John Kerry, US envoy for climate, and on which “the whole world will have focused attention”, declared Queen Elizabeth.

Towards Cop26

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The powerful gathered at the MiCo had two tasks: to listen to the voice of the young people – the 400 delegates from all over the world who gave life to Youth4Climate and a shared document with their requests – and at the same time to find the first agreements in the direction of COP26. As the Minister of Energy Transition said Roberto Cingolani, who led the PreCop, “we will listen to the voice of young people and we will always bear it in mind. Decarbonisation must be mandatory and we all agree in shared actions to limit the rise in temperatures”.

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The crucial point on which the ministers insist, as Kerry, the EU vice president, reiterated Frans Timmermans and the president Cop26 Alok Sharma, is to maintain the commitment of the G20 countries to guarantee the 100 billion dollars a year to the most vulnerable countries to allow climate justice and infrastructures that guarantee mitigation and adaptation. In reality today they are only promises, because there is no money: the ministers, however, said they were convinced not only that they will be able to find them, but also that over time – after 2025 – the bar will be raised, “we will have to talk about trillions. “. Money that will only be possible thanks to the involvement of private investments and the creation of new jobs to strengthen fossil-free economies.

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In this new vision of the world to discourage the use of fossil fuels, the position of China will be decisive. For Sharma, the Chinese announcement to stop the construction of fossil plants abroad and the collaboration announced with the US are signs that we are “on the right track”. However, Australia remains a knot, a country refractory to a farewell to coal and which perhaps will not be present in Scotland, where on the sidelines of the negotiations Egypt (today only candidate) could be announced as the future headquarters of Cop27.

Naturally, each country will have to do its part and adopt different strategies according to problems and needs: this is why ministers are pushing for more specific and ambitious local action plans to be requested from COP26 in order to counter the effects of the “greatest threat. for humanity “as Kerry defined it, a crisis to be dealt with” in a swift and radical way, says Timmermans.

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To remind us of the urgency of all this is science: the IPCC (Intergovernmental Group on Climate Change) report argues that with the current trend in emissions the world will go beyond the 2 degree increase, so decisions will have to be made at the Glasgow summit “no longer derogable,” says Sharma. To avoid further rising temperatures, an “energy transition based on renewables will also be needed in Italy, for example, but in this step we will have to rely on gas for a while longer”, says Cingolani, trusting in the future improvement of “storage systems. renewables “which would allow a reduction in the cost of gas from which we are trying to gradually exit.

To make Cop26 truly a historic success, all the points shared in Milan will have to pass from words to action: otherwise, as they say Greta Thunberg and the children of the climate, will remain only “bla bla bla” who steal the future from the new generations.

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