Yesterday’s “control room” confirmed the structure of the maneuver that will be launched today by the Council of Ministers for a total amount of 23.4 billion euros, or 1.245% of GDP. The last majority meeting served to undo the last knots and find compromises on the most delicate times left pending, from exceeding Quota 100 in the field of social security, to the restyling of the Citizenship Income to the extension of the Super bonus and the facades bonus . The game of cross vetoes, requests and protests, has produced some adjustments The only issue that remains pending is that of the tax cut: the 8 billion budgeted will end up in an ad hoc fund, it will then have to be the Parliament to decide how to use them, whether to cut the personal income tax and to whom, whether to intervene on the tax wedge or cancel the IRAP.
Bridge solution limited to 2022: 300 million to penalized workers
On pensions, the “quota lottery” stops at 102. In order to overcome Quota 100, in the end, both the initial hypothesis put forward by the Mef – which provided for the possibility of leaving work early with a Quota 102 – was discarded, or with 64 years of age and 38 of contributions (instead of 62/38 of the expiring provision) and in 2023 with Quota 104 (66 years and 38 of contributions) – both the subsequent solution proposed to the Lega which immediately challenged this measure . This mediation hypothesis, which envisaged the introduction of a Quota 102 in 2022, Quota 103 in 2023 and Quota 104 in 2024, also had a short life. The final choice somehow satisfies Salvini, who absolutely did not want to go back to the 67 years of the Fornero law, and at the same time sends a signal to the unions asking for a structural reform of pensions and flexible exits with 62 years of age and 20 years of age. contributions or with 41 years of contributions regardless of age. The government has in fact decided to move to Quota 102 but only for a year and with the prospect of activating in the meantime a table with the social partners in order to be able to discuss with the necessary calm a possible overall pension reform. In addition to the temporary Quota 102, yesterday’s control room also decided to set up a fund to ferry workers penalized by the new requirements which would have an endowment of around 300 million euros.
Less money for those who refuse a job, check reduced to everyone after 6 months
Green light also to the restyling of the Citizenship Income, on which the League and all the center-right have been confronting and clashing for weeks, asking for its abolition, and the 5 Stars who defend it with the support of Pd and Leu. Given that the part relating to active labor policies has not worked, the decision that has been taken is first of all to increase the controls to avoid too many “crafty” who manage to obtain the RD without having the requisites. Above all, however, the décalage of checks is introduced, both to encourage check recipients to accept a new job – and for them a progressive reduction of the check has been envisaged starting from the second refusal of a job offer – and to contain the expense. In this case, the model adopted would be similar to that of Naspi, the unemployment benefit. For the RD, the hypothesis foresees a progressive reduction of the amounts, starting from the sixth month, up to a minimum amount of 300 euros / month, all even in the absence of refusal of a new job.
For Naspi – but due to Covid in this case the décalage is suspended until the end of the year – it is expected that the allowance awarded to the unemployed will be reduced by 3% every month. The 5 Stars, who yesterday with Patuanelli expressed a “conditional yes” to these changes, the minimum threshold had to be much higher in order to keep the citizenship income above 500 euros instead of above 300.
Six-monthly extension for villas, but only under the 25 thousand euro of Ise
The 110% Superbonus will also be extended for single-family homes, villas and cottages. For this type of property, however, it will not arrive until the end of 2023 as has already been foreseen by the programmatic budget document for condominiums and properties of the IACP, but only until the end of 2022 and only for the first houses. In practice, compared to the legislation in force, six months more time is gained. This is the mediation that was found yesterday in the control room after the announcement of the exclusion of single houses had generated a general uprising by all the majority forces and companies in the construction sector. To access this benefit from next year, however, an income requirement will be introduced, setting the maximum ceiling of the ISEE at 25 thousand euros. An additional year of extension was also provided for the facades bonus, which in the hypotheses included in the Dpb was destined to disappear: in this case, however, the percentage of costs allowed in deduction will be reduced from the current 90% to 60%. On the superbonus, the undersecretary to Mef Maria Cecilia Guerra explained Tuesday, “the idea of the government is to accompany the overcoming of this important measure to support the economy in a moment of crisis and direct resources on the efficiency” of buildings and “accompany it slowly to a reduction and then to an abolition, and to concentrate on a systematization of the various bonuses affecting construction ».
Eliminated the discounts on purchases, they did not push the digital currency
On the Cashback, the former Prime Minister Conte lost the game. This measure, intended to encourage the use of electronic money and therefore to somehow counter tax evasion, will in fact be eliminated. The Cashback, introduced last year by the yellow-red government and then suspended in the second half of this year (diverting the related funds on the reform of social safety nets), was financed up to the entire first half of 2022 and still had 1 , 5 billion euros. Started on January 1, 2021, the Cashback made it possible to obtain a refund of 10% on the amount of all purchases made in physical stores with credit cards and payment apps, but after a difficult start it immediately revealed a major flaw: more than pushing the Italians not to use cash, in fact, in large part the beneficiaries were people who already widely used electronic money. According to Draghi, in fact, this measure has “a regressive character and is intended to direct resources towards the categories and areas of the country in better economic conditions”. As for the first and a half billion reversed in the past months, the remaining funds will also be allocated by the government to the reform of social shock absorbers, which in this way will be able to have a budget of 3 billion euros, a significant figure but still far from 6-8. billions of euros hypothesized by the Ministry of Labor to be able to launch a universal protection system.