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symptoms, duration and risks. When to worry

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symptoms, duration and risks.  When to worry

Italy Continues to Battle High Rates of Influenza

After a significant boom in the number of Italians bedridden with influenza, the country is now facing constant high numbers of respiratory infections that are putting a strain on hospital facilities. The latest surveillance bulletin from the Istituto Superiore di Sanità has confirmed that there is no sign of a decline in respiratory infections, and it is not yet possible to predict when the peak will occur.

The reopening of schools and the full resumption of work following the Christmas holidays are contributing to the high circulation of respiratory viruses in the country. In particular, the H1N1 flu has emerged as the most worrying respiratory illness, leading to an increase in hospitalizations throughout Italy.

Fabrizio Pregliasco, scientific director of the Influenza Observatory, emphasized the importance of influenza vaccination as the most effective weapon to reduce the spread of the flu. He noted that the higher the number of new flu cases, the more likely someone will end up in the hospital or emergency room.

Recent deaths from H1N1 flu at the Vicenza hospital have underscored the gravity of the disease, especially for vulnerable populations. Massimo Andreoni, scientific director of the Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, highlighted that the flu is responsible for 80% of flu cases in Italy and emphasized the necessity of flu prophylaxis.

To address concerns about influenza, here are answers to 10 crucial questions related to flu symptoms, complications, preventive measures, and when to seek medical attention:

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1. What are the most common flu symptoms noticed this year?

The most common flu symptoms include high fever, headache, fatigue, dry cough, muscle aches, and nasal congestion.

2. Are there differences in the severity of flu complications compared to previous years?

At this time, no significant difference in the severity of influenza complications has been reported compared to previous years.

3. What are the warning signs of a severe flu complication?

Warning signs include difficulty breathing, persistent chest pain, mental confusion, fainting, or worsening of flu symptoms, especially in vulnerable individuals.

4. Can you recommend any preventative measures to reduce the risk of spreading the flu?

Preventive measures include frequent handwashing, avoiding contact with sick people, and getting a flu vaccination if possible.

5. What is the average length of convalescence from flu?

The average duration of convalescence from flu is usually one week, but it can vary based on the severity of the case and individual health conditions.

6. Which groups of people are most at risk of developing flu complications?

Older adults, young children, pregnant women, individuals with chronic conditions, and those with weakened immune systems are most at risk of developing flu complications.

7. How do the symptoms of flu differ from those of a common cold, COVID, or respiratory syncytial virus?

Symptoms such as high fever, severe body aches, and extreme fatigue are often more common in influenza compared to other respiratory viruses.

8. Does it still make sense to get vaccinated against the flu or is it too late?

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It is still possible to receive the flu vaccine to develop residual protection, especially for those at risk of serious flu complications.

9. What drugs or natural remedies can fight the flu?

Symptomatic treatment with antipyretic drugs and rest are helpful in relieving flu symptoms, but it is important to consult a doctor if symptoms worsen.

10. What symptoms require immediate medical attention in people with the flu?

Severe breathing difficulties, chest pain, mental confusion, fainting, or worsening of symptoms require immediate medical attention.

As Italy continues to grapple with high rates of influenza and the risk of severe complications, it is crucial for individuals to take preventive measures, including getting vaccinated and seeking prompt medical attention if necessary.

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