Executive summary:On China’s vast territory, the three northeastern provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning are the “chicken heads” and are important old industrial bases and major grain producing areas. With the launch of a new round of northeast revitalization and rural revitalization strategies. The three northeastern provinces have climbed the slopes and rolled rocks up the mountains, and a new picture of a comprehensive well-off society is slowly unfolding in the northeast.
“My home is on the Songhua River in the northeast, where there are forest coal mines, as well as soybean sorghum all over the mountains…”
On China’s vast territory, the three northeastern provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning are the “chicken heads” and are important old industrial bases and major grain producing areas. With the launch of a new round of northeast revitalization and rural revitalization strategies. The three northeastern provinces have climbed the slopes and rolled rocks up the mountains, and a new picture of a comprehensive well-off society is slowly unfolding in the northeast.
The river flows slowly and flows down along the remnants of the Changbai Mountains. It turns and slows down several times. It roams and flows out of the mountains in the southeast of Liaoning, passing along the city, and merges into the waves of the Yellow Sea.
The Yalu River, the “mother river” of the people of Dandong, Liaoning Province, made the red border town famous all over the world for resisting US aggression and aiding the DPRK. Eco-tourism makes the beautiful scenery shine here.
As the largest border city in the country, in recent years, Dandong has made full use of the ecological resources along the river, along the border, and along the coast. On the one hand, it develops ecological agriculture and forestry industries according to local conditions. cluster.
Fully implementing the new development concept, Dandong has always adhered to an ecological city and green development, striving to make green the city’s most solid background, the most distinctive feature and the most lasting advantage. Through a series of governance and protection, the ecological environment of Dandong City has been significantly improved. The environmental quality of surface water ranks first in Northeast China, and the air quality and forest area ranks first in Liaoning Province. The concept of ecological environmental protection has been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.
To revitalize the countryside, industrial prosperity is the key. Qinghe Town, Ji’an City, Jilin Province, has been one of the main producing areas of “King of Herbs” ginseng since ancient times. The history of ginseng application has been more than 1,700 years, and the history of artificial cultivation has been nearly 500 years.
In 2007, Ji’an Xinkai River ginseng cultivation techniques were listed as intangible cultural heritage by the Jilin Provincial Government. Qinghe Town is the main production area of ginseng. At present, 80% of the town’s population is engaged in the work of ginseng and related industries, and more than 80% of the income of the people comes directly or indirectly from the ginseng industry. Qinghe Town takes the adjustment of the planting industry structure as the main line, guides farmers to develop the ginseng planting industry scientifically, explores going down the mountain into the fields, vigorously develops the cultivation of ginseng on the flat land, and stores the ginseng in the forest, and promotes the dual use of the forest and ginseng in an orderly manner. At present, the area of flat ginseng in the town is stable at about 3,000 mu, and the remaining area of ginseng under forest is 26,000 mu.
In Bapandao Village, Baoquanshan Town, Changbai County, Baishan County, Jilin Province, Schisandra chinensis cultivation has become the main cash crop of the village. In recent years, in response to the national forestland policy, Baoquanshan Town has gradually gotten rid of its over-reliance on forestland crops. Relying on its unique ecological environment, it has vigorously developed the Chinese herbal medicine industry, actively created a Chinese herbal medicine industrial park, and increased poverty alleviation industrialization. A road that relies on the development of the Chinese herbal medicine industry to find a way out for the poor to get rid of poverty and become prosperous.
123 degrees 17 minutes east longitude, 53 degrees 33 minutes north latitude, is located in Beihong Village, Beiji Town, Mohe City, Heilongjiang Province, known as “the northernmost village in China”. Surrounded by green mountains, Heilongjiang flows from west to east through the north of the village. In recent years, Beihong Village has taken the development of rural eco-tourism as the leading industry to revitalize the border and enrich the people. This small village on the Sino-Russian border deep in the Greater Khingan Mountains has changed from a poor village in the past to a key village for rural tourism in the country.
“It turned out that this village was called ‘Da Meadian Zi’, which was remote and poor.” Villager Zhao Yinhua remembered that the change started in 2017. “After the village team came, it helped the village to study ways to get rid of poverty and become rich.”
Beihong Village has successively realized postal, communication, Internet, hardened road, and running water, stepping into a new era one step at a time. The village vigorously develops the “Looking for the North Tour”, the main street has been transformed with ethnic customs, and attractions such as Matryoshka Square, Russian Bakery, and Russian-style family hotels have been created.
Today, the Russian-style bakery run by Zhao Yinhua can sell more than 200 breads a day in the peak tourist season. Relying on the operation of bakeries and family hotels, the annual income reaches 40,000 to 50,000 yuan. “It’s not just my family, every family in the village has eaten a ‘tourist meal’.”
By the end of 2021, there are more than 70 family hotels and homestays in the village, with an annual income of around 50,000 yuan. 46 villagers operate horse-drawn sledge projects, and half of the village’s 366 people are directly engaged in tourism.
Original title: Northeast Frontier: Tourism revitalizes the city and industry and enriches the people