Original title: The logistics industry prosperity index has fallen, and the Ministry of Transport has spoken to help enterprises bail out and ensure smooth flow
Affected by the spread of the epidemic in Shanghai and other places, the impact on logistics and supply chains is reflected in the data. On May 5, data released by the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing showed that China‘s logistics industry prosperity index in April was 43.8%, down 4.9 percentage points from the previous month, and most of the indicators in the sub-indices fell month-on-month. On the same day, Xu Chengguang, a member of the party group and chief planner of the Ministry of Transport, said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency that the Ministry of Transport will put stable growth, smooth flow, and market players in a more prominent position, actively expand effective investment in transportation, and strengthen logistics. smooth, and promote the relief of business difficulties.
Multiple factors impact the logistics industry
On May 5, the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing released the China‘s logistics industry prosperity index for April 2022 at 43.8%, down 4.9 percentage points from the previous month, and the contraction rate further increased. Among the sub-indices, most of the indicators fell month-on-month, among which the total business index, new order index, inventory turnover index, capital turnover index, equipment utilization index, main business profit index, employee index and other indicators decreased significantly. .
Regarding the decline of the logistics industry prosperity index in April, Wang Peng, an associate professor of Renmin University of China, told the Beijing Business Daily reporter that this data has a certain lag and should reflect the logistics industry from March to April.
Under the background of epidemic prevention and control, long-distance logistics, railway and road transportation, shipping, etc. between various regions of the country have been affected, and the epidemic prevention and control policies in different regions are inconsistent. The situation of persuading to return has led to the lack of smooth logistics, and also caused problems such as cancellation of logistics orders, increased losses in the logistics and transportation process, and increased costs. From a microscopic point of view, the closure and control of some communities has caused the problem of “last mile” logistics and distribution, so that although the demand side is strong, the data is not optimistic.
In response to the drop in China‘s warehousing index, Wang Peng said that the epidemic has caused logistics and warehousing to supply more basic life support items, such as food and medicine, anti-epidemic materials, and living materials, while other productive logistics have insufficient supply capacity in a short period of time. In order to improve logistics efficiency, many logistics and warehousing companies will set up front warehouses and reserve some categories of materials in advance. However, after the logistics system is blocked due to epidemic control, the front warehouses cannot be replenished, or priority is given to stockpiling anti-epidemic materials. In the state of failure to operate effectively, the application efficiency is not high, resulting in the decline of the warehouse index.
In terms of different regions, the total business index in the eastern region and the central region was 41.9% and 42.1% respectively, a decrease of 4-8 percentage points from the previous month, and only the western region increased. Wang Peng believes that due to the recent epidemic in the Yangtze River Delta, the central region and the Yangtze River Delta region are in upstream and downstream relationships in many industries, and the demand for production in the downstream Yangtze River Delta region is not smooth, which will also lead to the upstream supply of raw materials and components. The logistics index of the central region is affected. Influence. The industrial chain and supply chain in the western region and the central and eastern regions are relatively long, and they can produce and sell themselves internally, forming an internal circulation, which is less affected.
Ministry of Transport: Make every effort to ensure the smooth flow of logistics
In addition to the domestic epidemic factor, He Hui, assistant to the president of the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing, also mentioned the impact of international geopolitical conflicts. Domestic and foreign consumer demand has been suppressed. During the same period, the new order index fell by 5 percentage points from the previous month to 44.4%; and affected by the epidemic prevention and control policies in many places, the employment index fell by 3 percentage points from the previous month to 45.5%, reflecting that logistics companies There is a labor gap.
How to keep logistics smooth? What are the measures to help enterprises bail out and stabilize the market? On the 5th, Xu Chengguang, a member of the party group and chief planner of the Ministry of Transport, said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency that the Ministry of Transport will put stable growth, smooth flow, and market players in a more prominent position, actively expand effective investment in transportation, and strengthen logistics. Ensure smooth operation, and promote the relief of enterprises’ difficulties.
Xu Chengguang introduced that on April 18, in accordance with the unified deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, ten important measures were implemented, including the implementation of closed-loop management of “collect, walk and chase”, issue and use a national unified pass in sufficient quantities, and establish a white list of key industries and foreign trade enterprises.
The central and local governments at all levels have stepped up efforts to ensure the smooth flow of freight and logistics, and the “white list” of freight drivers and passengers has effectively alleviated the problem of road freight transportation. The problem of key blocking points such as service areas, express delivery outlets, and logistics parks has been greatly reduced.
According to the monitoring and summary data of the Office of the Leading Group for Logistics Guarantee of the State Council, on May 4, the last day of the May 1st holiday, the transportation of goods across the country ran in an orderly manner, and freight logistics continued to recover. An increase of 0.65%; 6.014 million trucks passed through the national expressway, a month-on-month increase of 10.16%; the national key ports completed a cargo throughput of 31.382 million tons, a month-on-month increase of 2.9%.
As of 24:00 on May 4, all temporarily closed expressway toll stations and closed service areas across the country have been cleared. There are no toll stations temporarily closed on expressways in all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), which is 1 less than the previous day, and 2 less than the previous day for irrelevant service areas.
Affected by the epidemic, the operation of transportation enterprises is generally difficult. Xu Chengguang introduced that the Party Central Committee and the State Council have issued a number of rescue policies to help enterprises, which are mainly “three reductions, two supplements, one support and one precision”. Taxes such as value-added tax on public transportation services will be reduced or exempted, rents will be reduced or exempted, social insurance costs such as unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance will be reduced, subsidies for the purchase of new energy buses will continue, and subsidies for unemployment insurance and job stabilization returns for small, medium and micro enterprises will be given and increased, and financial insurance will be given. Policy support, implement precise epidemic prevention and control measures, and reduce traffic restrictions.
Beijing Business Daily reporter Tao Feng intern Yuan ZeruiReturn to Sohu, see more
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