Home » Eyes, serious or moderate problems for 19% of Italians (and 42% of over 75s) – breaking latest news

Eyes, serious or moderate problems for 19% of Italians (and 42% of over 75s) – breaking latest news

by admin
Of Maria Giovanna Faiella

Among the main causes: glaucoma, maculopathy, retinopathy, cataract, uncorrected vision deficit. In one out of two cases, severe visual impairment could be prevented, according to the WHO

Serious eye problems due to eye diseases such as glaucoma, maculopathy, diabetic retinopathy, cataract but also vision impairment at a distance because of a uncorrected refractive error o near vision impairment caused by presbyopia

not correct: about 2 percent of Italians aged 15 and over suffer from it, but the severe visual limitations increase with age, reaching 5.6 per cent of those over 65 and well 8 percent of the over 75s. On the other hand, 16.7% of the population suffers from moderate limitations in sight, a percentage that reaches 28.8% among those over 65 and 33.9% among those over 75. If you add moderate to severe visual limitations, overall, 18.6% of the population suffers from it, percentage that rises to 33.8% among the over-65s and al 41.9% among the over seventy-five year olds.The detects it Report on the state of implementation of policies on blindness prevention, education and vision rehabilitation (2019 data), recently transmitted by the Ministry of Health to the Parliament.

Lights and shadows

The Report analyzes and illustrates, pursuant to the Law no. 284 of 1997 Provisions for the prevention of blindness and for vision rehabilitation the activities carried out in 2018 by the Ministry of Health, by the Italian Section of the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness-IAPB Italy onlus, together with the National Pole of Services and Research for the prevention of blindness and vision rehabilitation, and by regional centres.
If Italy atworld avant-garde in vision prevention and rehabilitationthe report reads, presents for yet different criticalities and inhomogeneities at the regional level, also due to the lack of funding. what emerges from there, for example, shows a regional disparity in the territorial distribution of rehabilitation centres.

See also  Sottil does not name Fabbian among Udinese's new signings
Diseases related to ageing

According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO) on blindness and low vision, at least 2.2 billion people worldwide have a visual impairment, of which at least one billion have a visual impairment that could have been prevented or was not addressed. The number of people affected by low vision increasing for many reasons including, in particular, as regards our country – as stated in the ministerial report – the progressive increase in life expectancy, which has led to a greater spread of eye diseases related to agingsuch as age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataracts, retinal vascular disease. The great scientific and technological advances in ophthalmology recorded in recent decades have also had an influence, which have led to a reduction in patients destined for blindness, but which, at the same time, have led to an increase in subjects with partial residual vision, insufficient to guarantee the maintenance of complete autonomy.

Watch out for the children

Severe vision problems in the developmental age they can limit learning and neuro-psychomotor development. Yet, the report points out, the majority of children perform the first checkup only around the age of 7while hardly paying attention to age range of 3-4, which instead represents the most appropriate time to carry out prevention. In Italy for the pediatric range there are highly qualified centers with a long tradition. However, for visual rehabilitation there are still some critical issues, such as phomogeneous distribution of specialized centers throughout the countrythat often forces families to make long and expensive journeys.

See also  Lecture on Mindfulness: The Cherry Blossom - Meaning and Values
The consequences in adults

The visual impairment in adults it affects the quality of life, independence, mobility and autonomy – the report underlines – . Loss of vision also increases the risk of mortality, the risk of falls and injuries, and can lead to social isolation and others psychological issues, psychological problems.
The prevention of low vision and visual rehabilitation they therefore represent a priority aspect in the field of public health. Healthcare intervention must include prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, however, the ministerial report highlights, there is a regional disparity in the application of law no. 284/97. Regarding rehabilitation centers, some Regions have favored a more widespread presence of the centers themselveswhile others have tried to centralize them. As many as eight Regions and the two Autonomous Provinces have declared that they have only one centre. This entails that many patients they are forced to move to extra-regional structures to receive assistance.

February 3, 2023 (change February 3, 2023 | 15:53)

You may also like

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy